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John Martin

John Martin

   •   Romantic   •   Wikipedia: John Martin
120 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #3054
Melodramatic scenes of apocalyptic events, biblical and fantastic themes characterize the works of John Martin, an English engraver, illustrator and artist of the nineteenth century. He was a devout Christian, but defended Deism and was a follower of the natural religion. Works such as "The Last Judgment", "The Great Day of His Wrath" and "The Heaven Plains" reflect the personality of the artist. His works are characterized by small figures in vast architectural and landscape environments, perfected by a dramatic lighting, his imagination and his attention to detail. Above all, the motif of the landscape, in which he was largely inspired by the nature of Northumberland, made him a great exponent of Romanticism. By the gloomy, depressing but at the same time captivating character, he stood out from his competition.

With his master, the Italian artist Bonifacio Musso, he moved to London, where he married at the age of nineteen. In addition to the sale of his paintings earned John Martin also by drawing lessons and glass and porcelain painting his money. From 1812 he received greater attention for his works; however, the public did not really catch his eye until his brother Jonathan Martin, also called "Mad Martin", set fire to the York Minister. Although he was enthusiastic about the public, his desire to become a member of the Royal Academy remained unfulfilled, as critics such as John Ruskin described his work as vulgar. Instead, he joined the Society of British Artists from 1824 to 1838. He also became the official history painter of Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and was awarded for his paintings with the Leopold Order. In addition to painting, John Martin had a great interest in architecture, so he worked on making plans for London's water supply, sewers, and railroad systems.

Although the artist lost more and more prestige, he still left traces after his death in 1854: His works inspired above all the American artist Thomas Cole to found the Hudson River School. He also inspired the Pre-Raphaelites, especially the British painter and poet Dante Gabriel Charles Rossetti . Some of Martin's paintings, such as "The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah," "Clytie," and "The Bard," can now be viewed at the Laing Art Gallery in Newcastle. © Meisterdrucke


 
1834 | Oil on canvas

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1834 | Oil on canvas

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Undated | watercolour on paper

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0 | watercolour on paper

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Design for the Seventh Plague of...
Undated | ink and watercolour on paper

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Design for the Seventh Plague of...
0 | ink and watercolour on paper

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Undated | Oil on canvas

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0 | Oil on canvas

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1826 | Mezzotint and etching

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1826 | Mezzotint and etching

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Undated | Oil on canvas

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1826 | Mezzotint and etching

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1826 | Mezzotint and etching

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Undated | Oil on canvas

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1830 | Oil on canvas

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1830 | Oil on canvas

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Undated | Oil on canvas

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Marcus Curtius (pencil und wc on...
Undated | pencil and watercolour on paper

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Marcus Curtius (pencil und wc on...
0 | pencil and watercolour on paper

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Clytie, 1814
1814 | Oil on canvas

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Clytie, 1814
1814 | Oil on canvas

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1820 | Oil on canvas

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1820 | Oil on canvas

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Feeding the Five Thousand, 1835 ...
1835 | pen and ink and grey wash on paper

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Feeding the Five Thousand, 1835 ...
1835 | pen and ink and grey wash on paper

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1815 | Oil on panel

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1815 | Oil on panel

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Unbekanntes Bild
Undated |

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1815 | Watercolor on paper

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1815 | Watercolor on paper

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Belshazzar"s Feast, 1820
1820 |

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Belshazzar"s Feast, 1820
1820 |

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