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Dante Gabriel Charles Rossetti

Dante Gabriel Charles Rossetti

   •   Pre Raphaelites   •   Wikipedia: Dante Gabriel Charles Rossetti
409 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #14565
Dante Gabriel Charles Rossetti was a British painter, poet, illustrator and translator. His descent goes back to the Italian noble family Rossetti. While he was often referred to within his family and friends with the first name Gabriel, he preferred in public the name Dante, based on the famous poet Dante. Since his father was a professor at King's College, Rossetti received his basic education there. For a long time he could not decide whether he wanted to become a poet or a painter. Because just like his father, his three siblings were distinguished writers. But Rossetti showed great interest in medieval Italian art, so when he was 14, he enrolled at the Sass' Drawing School, which was to serve as a springboard for admission to the Royal Academy.

He left the Royal Academy in 1848 to become a student of the admired painter Ford Madox Brown . Rossetti was fascinated by Brown's motives, but as at the Royal Academy, he disliked traditional academic teaching methods. Therefore, he left Brown soon, but remained close friends with him throughout his life. Rossetti still was not sure if he wanted to turn to painting or poetry. This was to change as he became aware of William Holman Hunt's painting "The Eve of Saint Agnes". Rossetti discovered that Hunt shares similar literary and artistic ideals and became friends with him. Together with John Everett Millais they founded the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Rossetti signed his first oil painting "The Youth of the Virgin Mary" with the initials of the Brotherhood (PRB). Initially, the picture was well received until the importance of PRB was known, which hit him hard.

Around 1850 he met his future wife Elizabeth Siddal. It corresponded to the appearance of a woman in the sense of the Pre-Raphaelites. Therefore, she often sat model of the Brotherhood. Around 1854, the association finally dissolved due to the different interests and personalities of its members. Rossetti was very charismatic, so it does not take long before he started a new Pre-Raphaelite movement in 1856. His personal life changed dramatically from 1962 onwards. His wife committed suicide after a miscarriage. After her death, he had, among other things, an affair with the wife of his friend William Morris , who also sat him often model. Rossetti began to take chloral hydrate because of his insomnia, which he became dependent on. The addiction increasingly affected his ability to paint and changed him mentally. He died of kidney failure. © Meisterdrucke


Study for 'Washing Hands', 1865
1865 | Brush on paper

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Study for 'Washing Hands', 1865
1865 | Brush on paper

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Dante in Meditation Holding a Po...
Undated | pen and ink and pencil on paper

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Dante in Meditation Holding a Po...
0 | pen and ink and pencil on paper

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Dr. Johnson at the Mitre, 1860 (...
1860 | pen and black ink on paper

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Dr. Johnson at the Mitre, 1860 (...
1860 | pen and black ink on paper

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Fazio’s Mistress (Aurelia)
1863 | painting

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Fazio’s Mistress (Aurelia)
1863 | painting

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Beatrice Meeting Dante at a Marr...
1852 | watercolour and bodycolour on paper

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Beatrice Meeting Dante at a Marr...
1852 | watercolour and bodycolour on paper

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Unbekanntes Bild
1852 | Watercolor on paper

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Unbekanntes Bild
1852 | Watercolor on paper

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Ricorditi di me che son la Pia (...
1868 | red and black chalk on paper

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Ricorditi di me che son la Pia (...
1868 | red and black chalk on paper

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Portrait study of Annie Miller, ...
Undated | pen, indian ink and graphite on paper

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Portrait study of Annie Miller, ...
0 | pen, indian ink and graphite on paper

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Il Ramoscello, 1865
1865 | Oil on canvas

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Il Ramoscello, 1865
1865 | Oil on canvas

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Retro me Sathana, 1848
1848 | Brush on paper

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Retro me Sathana, 1848
1848 | Brush on paper

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1871 | red and brown chalks heightened with white, on pale green paper

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1871 | red and brown chalks heightened with white, on pale green paper

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Lady Lilith, c.1867-68 (red und ...
Undated | red and black chalk on paper

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Lady Lilith, c.1867-68 (red und ...
0 | red and black chalk on paper

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Head of a Woman, called Ruth Her...
1876 | red and black chalk on paper

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Head of a Woman, called Ruth Her...
1876 | red and black chalk on paper

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