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Giuseppe Maria Crespi

Giuseppe Maria Crespi

   •   Baroque   •   Wikipedia: Giuseppe Maria Crespi
34 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #2086
Giuseppe Maria Crespi was an Italian baroque painter, but during the course of his artistic development he broke drastically with the academic traditions in order to develop a style unprecedented for his time. Together with painters such as Giambattista Pittoni , Giovanni Battista Tiepolo , Giovanni Battista Piazzetta , Canaletto and Francesco Guardi, he is one of the Old Masters of his era. Crespi was a versatile painter. Among other things, he painted religious motifs and portraits. Today, however, he is mainly known for his various genre pictures. Crespi's nickname was Lo Spagnuolo (The Spaniard). He owed this name to his striking clothing style. Because he liked to wear tight clothes. This style was typical of the Spanish fashion taste, but rather unusual for Italians.

Crespi was born in Bologna and was therefore primarily a representative of the Bolognese school. He started his artistic training at the age of 12 with Angelo Michele Toni. Afterwards he went to Domenico Maria Canuti for an additional 3 years. He then worked in Carlo Cignani's studio for a few years until he left Bologna. Subsequently, Crespi only worked independently in his own studio. Initially influenced by the high baroque classicism of his teachers, Crespi's attitude to art and style changed when he traveled to Venice and other northern Italian cities. The flowing style of early baroque fascinated him and he started to develop his own version of this art movement. However, Crespi did not seem to have much left for Rome and failed to travel to Rome for the rest of his life. When he was young, he even met the Roman painter Carlo Maratta or Maratti in Bologna and refused his invitation to visit him in Rome.

The most famous works by Crespi include paintings such as the flea seekers, which is a typical example of his genre paintings. He liked to choose motifs that showed simple and poor people in their everyday life. Crespi is also said to have used a camera obscura as an aid in his studio. During his lifetime, Crespi's reputation was not the same for everyone. In his hometown of Bologna he had hardly any followers worth mentioning. The German painter Anton Raphael Mengs , who was then based in Italy, complained that Crespi was too capricious and demanded that he be excluded from the Bolognese school. At that time, Italy paid much more attention to works with religious and mythological motifs or portraits of great personalities, while there was not much left for genre painting. Nevertheless, some artists visited Crespi's studio to study with him. These included Antonio Gionima and Giovanni Francesco Braccioli, among others. Crespi is also said to have had great influence on the Venetians Giovanni Battista Piazzetta and Pietro Longhi . At Piazzatti, however, it is not exactly documented when and whether he really started an apprenticeship at Crespi. After the death of his wife, Crespi withdrew very much and is said to have left his Bologna home only to go to mass every day. He died at the age of 82. © Meisterdrucke


Amore e Psiche
1707 | Oil on canvas

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Amore e Psiche
1707 | Oil on canvas

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Der Kentaur Chiron und Achill
1695 | Oil on canvas

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Der Kentaur Chiron und Achill
1695 | Oil on canvas

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Trompe l'Oeil of a Bookcase, 171...
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Trompe l'Oeil of a Bookcase, 171...
0 | Oil on canvas

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