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Anton Raphael Mengs

Anton Raphael Mengs

   •   Classicism   •   Wikipedia: Anton Raphael Mengs
77 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #402
The German painter Anton Raphael Mengs went down in art history as a pioneer of classicism. Classicism represents an era that lasted from 1770 to 1840. The art era replaced the baroque and consisted of three style movements - Biedermeier, Empire and Louis seize. Classicism is characterized by straightforward, simple shapes and a rational coolness. The similarity to classic antique models was always there. The founder of the style era is the German archaeologist Johann Joachim Winckelmann, who, in addition to his research work, was also strongly committed to German art history.

Anton Raphael Mengs comes from a family of artists. His father Ismael was a court painter for the Saxon nobility. Early on he taught his son and his sister Theresa painting. After school, Anton Mengs followed his father to Rome. Here father and son underwent the study of the old masters - Michelangelo and Raphael. After returning from Italy, Anton worked as a cabinet painter in Dresden. Before he took up employment as Oberhof painter of Friedrich August II, Anton Raphael Mengs traveled to Rome again. Here he converted to Catholicism to marry his future wife, the Roman Margherita Guazzi. Anton earned very well at the court of Friedrich August II. But Italy never let go of the young painter. He traveled to Florence and Venice before settling in Rome for the third time. Now he has been appointed a member of the Accademia di San Luca - an artists' association that was once founded by Pope Gregory. The group campaigned for a reform of art classes. The coat of arms of the Accademia di San Luca still hangs in Rome today.

In the artist association Anton meets Johann Joachim Winckelmann, who introduces him to the world of classicism. The two have been close friends throughout their lives. In the following years, Winckelmann had a significant influence on the further development of Anton Raphael Meng's understanding of art. This fact was reflected in his paintings. But it was not just Winckelmann who had a decisive influence on the German painter. The Spaniard José Nicolás de Azara, who acted as a diplomat and patron of the arts, also became a quiet supporter of Meng's art. He supported him for many years in the publication of his works in Europe. His influence in Rome increased. He made a name for himself. He was not unknown to Pope Clement. In 1755 he named him Knight of the Order of the Golden Spur at a great ceremony - which is still a great honor today. The Spanish royal family then ordered a portrait from him. A follow-up order came about. Anton was commissioned to design the royal palace in Madrid. He accepted this invitation. In the following years he alternated between orders at the Spanish royal family and the Vatican. He was also named President of the Accademia di San Luca. © Meisterdrucke


Giacomo Casanova (1725-98)
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Giacomo Casanova (1725-98)
0 | Oil on canvas

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Retrato de Louis du Silvestre
1744 | painting

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Retrato de Louis du Silvestre
1744 | painting

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Selbstbildnis im roten Mantel
Undated | Unknown

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Selbstbildnis im roten Mantel
undatiert | Unknown

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Amor
Undated | engraving

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Louis de Silvestre, c.1745 (det...
1745 | Oil on canvas

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Louis de Silvestre, c.1745 (det...
1745 | Oil on canvas

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Wandgemälde eines römischen Haus...
Undated | copper engraving

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Wandgemälde eines römischen Haus...
Undated | copper engraving

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Wandgemälde eines römischen Haus...
Undated | copper engraving

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