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Gaspar van Wittel

Gaspar van Wittel

   •   Unclassified artists   •   Wikipedia: Gaspar van Wittel
61 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #1858
Dutchman Caspar Adriaans van Wittel was a veduta painter who spent most of his life in Italy. Here he became very famous with his art. The Veduta painting deals with the realistic reproduction of landscapes and cityscapes. In the process, a distant perspective is taken in which a river, a meadow or a canal lies in the foreground and a city towers into the sky in the background. At a young age van Wittel is taught painting. At 22, he moves to Rome. He initially works on the construction site and admires the exact inventories that architects have made for new buildings. Soon he designs his first Vedute. The painting dates from 1681.

In the following years, Gaspar van Wittel travels through Italy and paints countless views of famous cities such as Venice, Florence, Bologna or Naples. The Gotthard Pass can also be found in one of his works. In 1700 he moves to Naples, marries and founds a family of his own. His son Luigi sees the light of day. During this time, the demand for cityscapes increases - especially among travelers and pilgrims in the Italian capital Rome. Van Wittel was able to satisfy this demand particularly well with his small paintings. At last there were only views of the city to buy as unwieldy copperplate engravings on the market. Thus, Gaspar van Wittel becomes a Roman pioneer, for he was the first veduta painter who made the handy paintings with oil paints.

His works are in great demand; even among the Roman noble family, which repeatedly awards contracts to van Wittel. He works highly productive for 30 years. He makes particularly many cityscapes of Rome as well as some important palaces of the noble family such as the Albani, Colonna or Ottoboni. During his 30-year career, the painter Gaspar van Wittel designed a variety of topographically accurate views of Rome and its surroundings. His special way of making landscape paintings in bright colors, which are also extremely light flooded, had a great influence on the painters of posterity. He inspired Italian painters such as Panini , Giovanni Antonio Canal , Luca Carlevarijs or Guardi. With age, Gaspar van Wittel loses more and more of his eyesight. He suffers from myopia; despite a pair of glasses. This also reduces his productivity more and more. He continues to live in Naples and Rome and dies in 1736. By the way, his son Luigi van Wittel became a respected architect in Naples. The Veduten van Wittels are now mostly privately owned. A first major exhibition on the Vedutenmaler Gaspar van Wittel with many of his works was therefore held for the first time in 2006 in the Museo Correr in Venice. His views on art auctions are still very high. © Meisterdrucke


 
1690 | Tempera on parchment

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1690 | Tempera on parchment

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Ponte Sant'Angelo, Rome (tempera...
Undated | tempera on paper

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Ponte Sant'Angelo, Rome (tempera...
0 | tempera on paper

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A View of St. Peter's in Rome
Undated | Oil on canvas

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A View of St. Peter's in Rome
0 | Oil on canvas

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Naples, La Darsena
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Naples, La Darsena
0 | Oil on canvas

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St. Peter's Basilica
Undated | Oil on canvas

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St. Peter's Basilica
0 | Oil on canvas

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1716 | Pen, brown ink and colored washes on paper

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1716 | Pen, brown ink and colored washes on paper

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View of Naples with the Castel d...
Undated | gouache on vellum

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The Fontana dell"Acqua Paola, Rome
Undated |

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