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Raffaello Sanzio Raphael

Raffaello Sanzio Raphael

   •   Renaissance   •   Wikipedia: Raffaello Sanzio Raphael
796 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #12938
Raffaello Sanzio (1483 - 1520) is considered one of the most important Italian painters and architects of the High Renaissance. Traditionally, he is counted alongside Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo to the three great masters of this era. During his lifetime, his fame was so high that he was widely called only by his first name. Born in Urbino, the artist lost his parents when he was young. When he was 8 years old, his mother died. His father, the painter Giovanni Santi , died when Raphael was 11 years old. After having probably already received his first artistic education from his father, Raphael took apprenticeship with the painter Perugino . The talented boy soon managed to approach his master's style so perfectly that their works could hardly be distinguished. As early employment contracts prove, Raphael was already called at the age of 17 years as a master.

After his time in Perugia, Raphael went to Florence, where Da Vinci and Michelangelo had already become famous. Her masterpieces, as well as those of Masaccio and Fra Bartolommeo , had a great influence on his further artistic development. After staying in Florence, Bologna and Urbino, Raffael, following the call of Pope Julius II, finally went to Rome in 1508. There he soon rose in prestige and was allowed to portray several famous personalities of his time. The bulk of his work, however, was to decorate the Apostolic Palace with murals and various other assignments for the church. His most important works "The Sistine Madonna", "Disputa del Sacramento" or "The School of Athens", in which he immortalized himself, all date from the period between 1509 and 1517.

Raphael was long engaged to the niece of Cardinal Bernardo Dovizi. However, she died in 1520, so there never was a wedding. The second woman in Raphael's life was his favorite model and lover of Fornaria. With her, he is said to have lived together in Rome until his death. Raphael died at the age of about 37 years. About the exact circumstances of death is speculated. While biographers like Giorgio Vasari claimed that he had died of a bloodletting prescribed to him for a sexually transmitted disease, historians also believe that plague is possible. © Meisterdrucke


The 'Tempi' Madonna, 1508
1508 | Oil on panel

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The 'Tempi' Madonna, 1508
1508 | Oil on panel

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Portrait of Maddalena Doni, 1506
1506 | oil on panel

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Portrait of Maddalena Doni, 1506
1506 | oil on panel

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Madonna del Cardellino
1505 | Oil on panel

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Madonna del Cardellino
1505 | Oil on panel

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1514 | black chalk heightened with white

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1514 | black chalk heightened with white

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The Esterhazy Madonna, c.1507-08...
Undated | tempera and oil on poplar panel

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The Esterhazy Madonna, c.1507-08...
0 | tempera and oil on poplar panel

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Sagrada Família Canigiani
1507 | Oil on panel

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Sagrada Família Canigiani
1507 | Oil on panel

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Detail of the 'Tempi' Madonna, 1...
1508 | Oil on panel

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Detail of the 'Tempi' Madonna, 1...
1508 | Oil on panel

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15th century | Oil on panel

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Undated | Pen and brown ink over dummy pin and possibly leadpoint or metallic traces

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0 | Pen and brown ink over dummy pin and possibly leadpoint or metallic traces

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La Madone de la maison dOrléans
1507 | painting

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La Madone de la maison dOrléans
1507 | painting

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Undated | Brush drawing in brown wash enhanced with body (oxidized) on buffalo paper

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0 | Brush drawing in brown wash enhanced with body (oxidized) on buffalo paper

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La Muta
1507 | Oil on canvas

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La Muta
1507 | Oil on canvas

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Group of Warriors (Donatello's S...
Undated | pen and brown ink on white paper

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Group of Warriors (Donatello's S...
0 | pen and brown ink on white paper

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Undated | pen and ink with gouache on paper

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Undated | Pen and brown ink on paper, possibly with minimal blindfold indications

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0 | Pen and brown ink on paper, possibly with minimal blindfold indications

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1510 | Red chalk over leadpoint

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1510 | Red chalk over leadpoint

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