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Pieter Claesz

  1596        1660
   •   Baroque   •   Wikipedia: Pieter Claesz
37 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #1048
It is not without reason that Pieter Claesz is considered to be one of the most famous still life painters of the Haarlem Baroque: his works are characterized by an intensity which is mainly due to the richness of detail and the restrained coloring of the pictures. The painter was born 1596/1597 in Berchem near Antwerp in the Spanish Netherlands. He died in Haarlem in 1661. His son from his first marriage, Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem , also became a painter who, unlike his father, turned to Italian landscape painting. Little is known about the apprenticeship of Claesz; he probably spent it in Antwerp.

However, it is reported that he was in Haarlem in 1621. Here was a strong middle class, which accumulated large art collections. In the center of his still lifes are often covered tables, the so-called banketjes. These motifs were extremely popular with the upper Dutch middle class and graced the rich mansions and town houses of the city. More than 250 paintings in this style were created during the painter's lifetime. While his early works are influenced by Clara Peeters and Osias Beert, his later paintings show stylistic similarities to Haarlem still life painters such as Nicolaes Gillis and Floris van Dyck. Claesz celebrated great success and was added in 1634 Haarlem St. Luke Guild. His works are especially novel in compositional terms. But also in terms of color, the work of Claesz were style-defining. More and more painters brightened the often black background of their still lifes so that the compositions came in almost monochrome colors. In addition to black, white and gray, browns and oceans were extremely popular for capturing the tabletop scenes. In 1628 his peer Willem Claesz Heda made him a serious competition, which was strongly oriented to Claesz.

From 1640, the painter began to integrate Baroque elements into his paintings. He arranged the motifs theatrically and used effective light effects and colors to breathe life into the pictures. Vanitas elements also play an important role in his paintings and can not be overlooked in his overall oeuvre. With the economic decline Haarlems around 1640 also the productivity of Claesz was limited, since scarcely more clients found for elaborate panel scenes. © Meisterdrucke


Stilleven met kalkoenpastei
1627 | Oil on panel

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Stilleven met kalkoenpastei
1627 | Oil on panel

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Undated | oil on panel

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Stilleven met tazza
1636 | Unknown

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Stilleven met tazza
1636 | Unknown

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Undated | Oil on panel

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Stillleben mit Truthahnpastete. ...
Undated | oil on wood

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Stillleben mit Truthahnpastete. ...
0 | oil on wood

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Stilleben mit Trinkgefäßen. 1649
Undated | oil on oakwood

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Stilleben mit Trinkgefäßen. 1649
0 | oil on oakwood

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Stillleben mit Pastete
1650 | painting

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Stillleben mit Pastete
1650 | painting

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Stillleben mit Salz. Um 1640-45
Undated | oil on wood

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Stillleben mit Salz. Um 1640-45
0 | oil on wood

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