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Pieter Bruegel the Elder

   •   Mannerism   •   Wikipedia: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
242 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #783
Pieter Bruegel the Elder is one of the most important Dutch Renaissance painters of the 16th century and significantly influenced the subsequent period of the Golden Age. Little is known about his youth and family background. He probably started his training with the Antwerp artist Pieter Coecke van Aelst. Coecke was a respected and versatile artist with a large workshop. Bruegel stayed with him until the death of his master in 1550 and ended his apprenticeship. Then he was accepted as a master in the Antwerp Lukas guild. The following year Bruegel moved to Italy to continue his studies. Since Bruegel had the habit of signing and dating almost all of his pictures, his journey and artistic development can be traced very well over the years. His travel route was probably initially via France to Italy. In Italy he traveled via Rome to Naples to the south to Calabria and probably also Sicily, as some of his drawings suggest. This journey took about two years before he returned to Rome in 1553. There he met the painter Giulio Clovio. Clovio was strongly influenced by Michelangelo's work and was close friends with El Greco. Various paintings and drawings by Bruegel were later found in Clovio's estate. In addition, according to the records, the two artists had worked together on one of the works.

Bruegel lived and worked with Clovio in Rome for almost a year before returning to Antwerp. He found a job in Hieronymus Cook's important copper workshop. After eight years, Bruegel left Antwerp and moved to Brussels. There he married Mayken Coecke, the daughter of his former teacher. With the marriage and moving to Brussels, Bruegel's style and career path changed. He was still employed by Hieronymus Cook, but the geographical distance probably made him less printable and more focused on painting. In addition, he technically and stylistically approached the work of his former master Pieter Coecke van Aelst. Because although Bruegel had learned from Coecke, his earlier works showed hardly any similarities or overlaps with the works of his master. His mother-in-law Maria Verhulst, a respected painter of her time, also influenced Bruegel. It brought him closer to the technique of tempera. His preferred choice of motif, the mixture of allegorical and rural scenes, was also seen early on by the artists from Verhulst's hometown Melchen. Bruegel and his wife had two sons Pieter Bruegel the Younger and Jan Bruegel the Elder, both of whom became famous painters, and a daughter Marie, of whom little is known. Since Bruegel died very young and his children were too small, he probably had no direct influence on their artistic development. However, his older son later copied many of his works. © Meisterdrucke


Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1563 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1562 | painting

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Die niederländischen Sprichwörter
1559 | painting

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Die niederländischen Sprichwörter
1559 | painting

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | Oil on canvas

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Triumph des Todes
1628 | painting

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Triumph des Todes
1628 | painting

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1562 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1567 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1566 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1562 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1568 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
The Temptation of St. Anthony, 1...
1556 | pen and indian ink on paper

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The Temptation of St. Anthony, 1...
1556 | pen and indian ink on paper

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated |

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | oil painting

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Armed Three-Master on the Open S...
1565 | engraving

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1564 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1568 | tempera on canvas

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Big fishes eat small ones, 1556 ...
1556 | Ink and pen on paper

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Big fishes eat small ones, 1556 ...
1556 | Ink and pen on paper

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1563 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1569 | oil painting

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1559 | Ink on paper

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1563 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1563 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1559 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1567 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | painting

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Landschap met de val van Icarus
1558 | Oil on canvas

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Landschap met de val van Icarus
1558 | Oil on canvas

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1560 | oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1572 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | Oil on plate

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Children's Games (Kinderspiele):...
1560 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1568 | tempera on canvas

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Dulle Griet (Mad Meg) 1564
1564 | Oil on canvas

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Dulle Griet (Mad Meg) 1564
1564 | Oil on canvas

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1563 | oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | Ink and pen on paper

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | oil on oak panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1562 |

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
The Beekeepers, 'If You Know Whe...
Undated | pen and brown ink on paper

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The Beekeepers, 'If You Know Whe...
0 | pen and brown ink on paper

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1572 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1566 | oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1559 | engraving

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1559 | Unknown

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Children's Games (Kinderspiele):...
1560 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1562 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | oil

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1566 | Oil on oak

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1563 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1568 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated |

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | painting

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1567 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Children's Games (Kinderspiele):...
1560 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1557 | Ink on paper

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1554 | drawing

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1558 | oil painting

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1563 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Children's Games (Kinderspiele):...
1560 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1563 | oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1565 | oil on wood

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1558 | oil painting

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1568 |

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1568 | oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1555 | oil painting

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Children's Games (Kinderspiele):...
1560 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1559 | Etching on paper

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1567 | Ink on paper

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1558 | wood engraving

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1563 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1568 | Ink and pen on paper

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Children's Games (Kinderspiele),...
1560 | Oil on panel

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
1562 | Oil on panel

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