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Philip Hermogenes Calderon

Philip Hermogenes Calderon

   •   Pre Raphaelites   •   Wikipedia: Philip Hermogenes Calderon
39 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #821
Philip Hermogenes Calderon comes from a multicultural family. His mother was French, his father of Spanish descent, but Calderon grew up in England. His father, a former Catholic priest, emigrated there after converting to Anglicism. His father earned his living as a professor of Spanish literature and his son also originally planned an academic career. Philip actually wanted to be an engineer and also started studying. However, the creation of technical drawings quickly became a passion and finally inspired him so much that he reconsidered his career goal and finally turned to art.

In 1850, when he was just 17 years old, he began his artistic training in London with none other than James Mathews Leigh, the founder of the "Leigh's Academy", which gave birth to the renowned "Heatherley School of Fine Art". A year later he went to Paris and took lessons from Francois Edouard Picot . Picot was one of the leading artists of the July Monarchy under King Louis-Philippe I and also a first-class teacher. Under his guidance, Calderon's talent really started to unfold. After just 14 months, in 1852, he presented his first large painting to the public, which he called "By the Waters of Babylon". The work was received with benevolence, but his breakthrough came four years later with the painting "Broken Vows". His success led him back to London, where he was able to continue his career. He owed this not only to his talent, but also to his good relationships. After his sister's wedding to Henry Stacey Marks , a painter and influential art sponsor, he sponsored his brother-in-law and enabled him to exhibit his work at the Royal Academy of Arts. Calderon quickly established itself as a popular and sought-after artist.

Stylistically, Calderon belongs to the Pre-Raphaelites who, in the mid-19th century, under the leadership of John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt , developed a style that was strongly influenced by the artists of the Italian Trecento and Quattrocento as well as by the German Nazarenes. Colorful, detailed female figures in flowing robes are typical of Calderon. Most of his paintings have a biblical reference. Under the influence of his brother-in-law Marks, who was very interested in Shakespeare, a "Julia on the balcony" was also created. In later years, his style took on more classic features, reminiscent of Edward Poynter , the first president of the Royal Academy.

Calderon was a popular and economically successful artist who indulged in a scandal shortly before his death. His probably best known work, which depicts Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, was interpreted by contemporary critics as anti-Catholic and understood as a provocation. The discussion about the controversial portrait only subsided after Calderon's death in 1898. © Meisterdrucke


Les Coquettes, Arles
Undated | engraving

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The Ladye's Chamber, Tower of Lo...
1863 | engraving

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The Ladye's Chamber, Tower of Lo...
1863 | engraving

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La Belle Yseult (wc on paper)
Undated | watercolour on paper

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La Belle Yseult (wc on paper)
0 | watercolour on paper

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undatiert | Oil on canvas

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