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Adolph Menzel

Adolph Menzel

  December 8, 1815
  9th February 1905
   Realism
234 artworks found



König Friedrichs II. Tafelrunde in Sanssouci
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Clara Schumann und Joseph Joachim musizieren
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Aufbahrung der Märzgefallenen
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Hans Joachim von Zieten, one of Frederick the Great's Marshals
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König Friedrichs II. Tafelrunde in Sanssouci
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Drei gefallene Soldaten in einer Scheune
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Blick aus dem Atelierfenster in der Marienstraße
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A week day in Paris (Pariser Wochentag), 1869
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Emilie, the Artist's Sister, Asleep, c.1848 (oil on paper mounted on canvas)
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Frederick II the Great (1712-86) in Lissa, Bonsoir, Messieurs! 1858
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Aufbahrung der Märzgefallenen
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Prince Otto von Bismarck, 1865 (pencil und wash on paper)
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Adolph Menzel

Adolph Menzel

  December 8, 1815        9th February 1905
   •   Realism   •   Wikipedia: Adolph Menzel
234 artworks found

The Prussian painter, draughtsman and illustrator Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel (1815 - 1905) is considered the most important artist of realism. In addition, impressionism could also be seen in his paintings. This style inspired him during a trip to Paris. Thus, for example, the paintings "the balcony room" and "Forest Night" were created. In the end, he developed his own style and painting technique, with which he was ahead of his time.

Menzel was often called "the little Excellency", as he was rather small and gnome-like with his 1.40 m. His artistic path began in 1839 when he was commissioned by the German historian Franz Theodor Kugler to create illustrations for a multi-volume story about Frederick the Great. Menzel showed great diligence by creating 400 pen-and-ink drawings within three years. Through this work he became known to the general public and received further commissions. In the beginning Menzel created historical paintings. Later, he often treated the present in his paintings.

Menzel's life was rather boring and uneventful, as he lived in seclusion and without friends. So he travelled a lot and tried to compensate the loneliness with his pictures. Because of his size he could never take part in battles himself, so he wanted to express his sense of duty at least in this way. This is also how one of his most famous paintings "Friedrich and his own in the Battle of Hochkirch" was created, dating from the period between 1850 and 1856, which was exhibited both at the Academy of Arts and later at the Paris World Exhibition. The painting's inspiration was rather incomprehensible to the public, as it depicted the defeat at the Battle of Hochkirch in 1758, in which the Prussians desperately tried to fend off the Austrian surprise attack. At the centre and elevated to the troops is King Frederick II, who tries to organise the resistance. What is striking about the painting is that Menzel placed the anonymous soldiers in the foreground, which clearly distinguished the painting from other battle paintings. In 1866 he travelled to the scenes of the wars. As a result, his paintings became darker and showed dying and dead soldiers. Finally he turned away from battle paintings and painted construction sites or other locations in Berlin, the city where he lived and which at that time became the capital of the German Reich. In 1895 he became an honorary citizen of Berlin on his 80th birthday. Menzel saw his death coming, which he wrote to Kaiser Wilhelm II in a New Year's greeting in 1905. © Meisterdrucke




Adolph Menzel
 
1875 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1878 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Pariser Wochentag
1869 | Oil on canvas

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Pariser Wochentag
1869 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
König Friedrichs II. Tafelrunde ...
1750 | painting

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König Friedrichs II. Tafelrunde ...
1750 | painting

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Adolph Menzel
 
1895 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1851 | pastel and gouache on paper

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Adolph Menzel
 
Undated |

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Adolph Menzel
Das Eisenwalzwerk
Undated | Unknown

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Das Eisenwalzwerk
0 | Unknown

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Adolph Menzel
 
1853 | drawing

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Adolph Menzel
Friedrich der Große auf
Undated |

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Adolph Menzel
Clara Schmidt von Knobelsdorff
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Clara Schmidt von Knobelsdorff
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Der Fuß des Künstlers
1876 | painting

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Der Fuß des Künstlers
1876 | painting

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Adolph Menzel
Wohnzimmer mit Menzels Schwester
1847 | painting

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Wohnzimmer mit Menzels Schwester
1847 | painting

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Adolph Menzel
Das Balkonzimmer
1845 | painting

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Das Balkonzimmer
1845 | painting

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Adolph Menzel
Die schlafende Näherin am Fenster
1843 | drawing

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Die schlafende Näherin am Fenster
1843 | drawing

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Adolph Menzel
Abendgesellschaft
1846 | Oil on canvas

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Abendgesellschaft
1846 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Selbstbildnis mit Arbeiter am Da...
1872 | graphic

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Selbstbildnis mit Arbeiter am Da...
1872 | graphic

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Adolph Menzel
Clara Schumann und Joseph Joachi...
1854 | graphic

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Clara Schumann und Joseph Joachi...
1854 | graphic

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Adolph Menzel
Aufbahrung der Märzgefallenen
1848 | painting

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Aufbahrung der Märzgefallenen
1848 | painting

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Adolph Menzel
Hans Joachim von Zieten, one of ...
Undated | engraving

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Adolph Menzel
 
1859 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
Undated | watercolour and gouache on paper

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0 | watercolour and gouache on paper

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Adolph Menzel
König Friedrichs II. Tafelrunde ...
1750 | painting

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König Friedrichs II. Tafelrunde ...
1750 | painting

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Adolph Menzel
Schlafzimmer des Künstlers
1847 | painting

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Schlafzimmer des Künstlers
1847 | painting

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Adolph Menzel
A. v. Menzel, Friederike Arnold
1847 | graphic

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A. v. Menzel, Friederike Arnold
1847 | graphic

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Adolph Menzel
 
Undated | pastel on paper

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Adolph Menzel
 
1892 | Gouache on paper

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Adolph Menzel
 
Undated |

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Adolph Menzel
Das Ballsouper
1878 | painting

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Das Ballsouper
1878 | painting

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Adolph Menzel
Drei gefallene Soldaten in einer...
2014 | Unknown

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Drei gefallene Soldaten in einer...
2014 | Unknown

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Adolph Menzel
Porträt der Karoline Arnold
1847 | Oil on canvas

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Porträt der Karoline Arnold
1847 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1848 | Oil on canvas

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1848 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1847 | Watercolor on paper

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Adolph Menzel
Totenschädel und Stiefel
1873 | Pencil on paper

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Totenschädel und Stiefel
1873 | Pencil on paper

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Adolph Menzel
 
1846 | chalk and charcoal on paper

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Adolph Menzel
 
1845 | oil painting

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Adolph Menzel
 
Undated |

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Adolph Menzel
Feinbäckerei im Kurpark zu Kissi...
1893 | Oil on canvas

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Feinbäckerei im Kurpark zu Kissi...
1893 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1850 | drawing

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Adolph Menzel
 
1884 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Tafelrunde Friedrichs II
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Tafelrunde Friedrichs II
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Leiche eines Offiziers
1873 | Pencil on paper

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Leiche eines Offiziers
1873 | Pencil on paper

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Adolph Menzel
 
1858 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Schlafzimmer Kuenstler Ritterstr...
1847 | Oil on canvas

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Schlafzimmer Kuenstler Ritterstr...
1847 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Chor der alten Klosterkirche in ...
1838 | Watercolor on paper

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Chor der alten Klosterkirche in ...
1838 | Watercolor on paper

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Adolph Menzel
Emilie Menzel am Klavier stehend
1866 | Watercolor on paper

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Emilie Menzel am Klavier stehend
1866 | Watercolor on paper

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Adolph Menzel
Menzels Schwester Emilie im Schlaf
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Menzels Schwester Emilie im Schlaf
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Abendgesellschaft
1847 | painting

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Abendgesellschaft
1847 | painting

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Adolph Menzel
Das Innere einer Scheune
1880 | PENCIL DRAWING

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Das Innere einer Scheune
1880 | PENCIL DRAWING

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Adolph Menzel
Umgestürzter Teekessel
1856 | Oil on canvas

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Umgestürzter Teekessel
1856 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Bildnis eines Herrn mit Whiskers
1905 | drawing

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Bildnis eines Herrn mit Whiskers
1905 | drawing

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Adolph Menzel
Blick aus dem Atelierfenster in ...
1905 | Oil on canvas

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Blick aus dem Atelierfenster in ...
1905 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1876 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
A week day in Paris (Pariser Woc...
1869 | Oil on canvas

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A week day in Paris (Pariser Woc...
1869 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
Undated | pencil with stumping on paper

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Adolph Menzel
Théâtre du Gymnase in Paris, 1856
Undated |

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Adolph Menzel
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Dame mit Opernglas
1850 | Colored chalks

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Dame mit Opernglas
1850 | Colored chalks

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Adolph Menzel
 
1867 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1870 | graphic

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Adolph Menzel
Wolkenstudie
1859 | Oil on canvas

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Wolkenstudie
1859 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
Undated |

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Adolph Menzel
Emilie, the Artist's Sister, Asl...
Undated | oil on paper mounted on canvas

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Emilie, the Artist's Sister, Asl...
0 | oil on paper mounted on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1862 | oil on paper mounted on card

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Adolph Menzel
Frederick II the Great (1712-86)...
1858 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1891 | Pencil on paper

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1891 | Pencil on paper

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Adolph Menzel
Schlafende Frau
1840 | Oil on canvas

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Schlafende Frau
1840 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Palaisgarten des Prinzen Albrecht
1846 | Oil on canvas

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Palaisgarten des Prinzen Albrecht
1846 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1846 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Opernball Studie
1853 | Colored chalks on brownish paper

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Opernball Studie
1853 | Colored chalks on brownish paper

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Adolph Menzel
Alfred der Große
1832 | Colored pen and ink drawing on paper

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Alfred der Große
1832 | Colored pen and ink drawing on paper

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Adolph Menzel
Aufbahrung der Märzgefallenen
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Aufbahrung der Märzgefallenen
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1871 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1886 | drawing

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Adolph Menzel
Die Bittschrift
1849 | Oil on canvas

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Die Bittschrift
1849 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Abreise Koenig Wilhelms I. zur A...
1871 | Oil on canvas

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Abreise Koenig Wilhelms I. zur A...
1871 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1894 | Gouache on paper

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Adolph Menzel
Kronprinz Friedrich besucht den ...
1861 | Oil on canvas

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Kronprinz Friedrich besucht den ...
1861 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Fronleichnamsprozession in Hofga...
1880 | Oil on canvas

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Fronleichnamsprozession in Hofga...
1880 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Sarg des Feldmarschalls von Kalc...
1873 | pencil drawing

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Sarg des Feldmarschalls von Kalc...
1873 | pencil drawing

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Adolph Menzel
 
1872 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
 
1851 | Oil on canvas

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Adolph Menzel
Prince Otto von Bismarck, 1865 (...
1865 | pencil and wash on paper

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Prince Otto von Bismarck, 1865 (...
1865 | pencil and wash on paper

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