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Adolph Menzel

Adolph Menzel

  December 8, 1815        9th February 1905
   •   Realism   •   Wikipedia: Adolph Menzel
219 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #486
The Prussian painter, draftsman and illustrator Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel (1815 - 1905) is regarded as the most important artist of realism. In addition, one could also recognize the impressionism in the paintings. This style inspired him on a trip to Paris. For example, the paintings "the balcony room" and "Waldesnacht" were created. Ultimately, he developed his own style and painting technique, with which he was ahead of his time.

Menzel was often dubbed "the little excellency" because he was with his 1.40 m. rather small and gnomenhaft was. His artistic approach began in 1839, when he was commissioned by the German historian Franz Theodor Kugler to create illustrations of a multi-volume story about Frederick the Great. Menzel showed great diligence in creating 400 pen drawings within three years. Through this work, he became known to the general public and he received further orders. At first, it was historical paintings that Menzel created. Later, he often treated the present in his paintings.

Menzels life was rather boring and uneventful, as he retired and lived without friends. Thus, he traveled frequently and sought to compensate for the loneliness with his pictures. Due to his size he was never able to participate in battles, so at least he wanted to express his sense of duty. This is how one of his most famous paintings "Frederick and His Own at the Battle of Hochkirch" from the period between 1850 and 1856, which was exhibited both in the Academy of the Arts and later in the Paris World Fair, and in public, rather for incomprehension The inspiration for the painting is the defeat at the Battle of Hochkirch in 1758, when the Prussians desperately try to fend off the Austrian surprise attack. In the center and raised to the troops stands King Frederick II, who tries to organize the resistance. Striking in the painting is that Menzel moved the anonymous soldier into the foreground, which clearly differentiated the painting from other battle paintings. In 1866 he traveled to the scenes of the wars. As a result, his paintings became darker and showed dying and dead soldiers. Finally, he turned away from the battle paintings and painted construction sites or other places in Berlin, the city in which he lived and which then became the capital of the German Reich. In 1895 he was honorary citizen of Berlin for the 80th birthday. His death saw Menzel come, what he wrote in a New Year's greeting in 1905 to Kaiser Wilhelm II. © Meisterdrucke


Clara Schmidt von Knobelsdorff
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Clara Schmidt von Knobelsdorff
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Tafelrunde Friedrichs II
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Tafelrunde Friedrichs II
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Wolkenstudie
1859 | Oil on canvas

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Wolkenstudie
1859 | Oil on canvas

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Sarg des Feldmarschalls von Kalc...
1873 | pencil drawing

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Sarg des Feldmarschalls von Kalc...
1873 | pencil drawing

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Abreise Koenig Wilhelms I. zur A...
1871 | Oil on canvas

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Abreise Koenig Wilhelms I. zur A...
1871 | Oil on canvas

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Porträt der Karoline Arnold
1847 | Oil on canvas

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Porträt der Karoline Arnold
1847 | Oil on canvas

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Kronprinz Friedrich besucht den ...
1861 | Oil on canvas

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Kronprinz Friedrich besucht den ...
1861 | Oil on canvas

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Die schlafende Näherin am Fenster
1843 | drawing

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Die schlafende Näherin am Fenster
1843 | drawing

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Piazza d’Erbe in Verona
1884 | Oil on canvas

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Piazza d’Erbe in Verona
1884 | Oil on canvas

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Dame mit Opernglas
1850 | Colored chalks

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Dame mit Opernglas
1850 | Colored chalks

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Umgestürzter Teekessel
1856 | Oil on canvas

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Umgestürzter Teekessel
1856 | Oil on canvas

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Gruft unter der Garnisonkirche i...
1873 | Pencil on paper

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Gruft unter der Garnisonkirche i...
1873 | Pencil on paper

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Feinbäckerei im Kurpark zu Kissi...
1893 | Oil on canvas

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Feinbäckerei im Kurpark zu Kissi...
1893 | Oil on canvas

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Fronleichnamsprozession in Hofga...
1880 | Oil on canvas

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Fronleichnamsprozession in Hofga...
1880 | Oil on canvas

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Das Eisenwalzwerk
Undated | Unknown

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Das Eisenwalzwerk
0 | Unknown

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Menzels Schwester Emilie im Schlaf
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Menzels Schwester Emilie im Schlaf
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Die Bittschrift
1849 | Oil on canvas

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Die Bittschrift
1849 | Oil on canvas

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Totenschädel und Stiefel
1873 | Pencil on paper

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Totenschädel und Stiefel
1873 | Pencil on paper

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Aufbahrung der Märzgefallenen
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Aufbahrung der Märzgefallenen
1848 | Oil on canvas

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1852 | Oil on paper

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1852 | Oil on paper

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Blick aus dem Atelierfenster in ...
1905 | Oil on canvas

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Blick aus dem Atelierfenster in ...
1905 | Oil on canvas

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Aufbahrung der Märzgefallenen
1848 | Oil on canvas

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Aufbahrung der Märzgefallenen
1848 | Oil on canvas

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1844 | Oil on canvas

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1844 | Oil on canvas

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Emilie Menzel am Klavier stehend
1866 | Watercolor on paper

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Emilie Menzel am Klavier stehend
1866 | Watercolor on paper

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Pariser Wochentag
1869 | Oil on canvas

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Pariser Wochentag
1869 | Oil on canvas

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Bonsoir, Messieurs
1858 | Oil on canvas

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Bonsoir, Messieurs
1858 | Oil on canvas

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Emilie, the Artist's Sister, Asl...
Undated | oil on paper mounted on canvas

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Emilie, the Artist's Sister, Asl...
0 | oil on paper mounted on canvas

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Schlafzimmer Kuenstler Ritterstr...
1847 | Oil on canvas

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Schlafzimmer Kuenstler Ritterstr...
1847 | Oil on canvas

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Abendgesellschaft
1846 | Oil on canvas

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Abendgesellschaft
1846 | Oil on canvas

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Blick auf Hinterhäuser
1847 | Oil on canvas

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Blick auf Hinterhäuser
1847 | Oil on canvas

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Palaisgarten des Prinzen Albrecht
1846 | Oil on canvas

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Palaisgarten des Prinzen Albrecht
1846 | Oil on canvas

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1848 | Oil on canvas

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1848 | Oil on canvas

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Husaren bringen eine polnische F...
1850 | Oil on canvas

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Husaren bringen eine polnische F...
1850 | Oil on canvas

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Gewitter am Tempelhofer Berg
1846 | Oil on canvas

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Gewitter am Tempelhofer Berg
1846 | Oil on canvas

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Schlafende Frau
1840 | Oil on canvas

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Schlafende Frau
1840 | Oil on canvas

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Knight tournament, 1854 (wc und ...
1854 | watercolour and gouache on paper

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Knight tournament, 1854 (wc und ...
1854 | watercolour and gouache on paper

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Prince Otto von Bismarck, 1865 (...
1865 | pencil and wash on paper

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Prince Otto von Bismarck, 1865 (...
1865 | pencil and wash on paper

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Sketch for The Flute Concert, 18...
1852 | pen and ink and watercolour on paper

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Sketch for The Flute Concert, 18...
1852 | pen and ink and watercolour on paper

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A week day in Paris (Pariser Woc...
1869 | Oil on canvas

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A week day in Paris (Pariser Woc...
1869 | Oil on canvas

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1848 | Oil on canvas

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1848 | Oil on canvas

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Chor der alten Klosterkirche in ...
1838 | Watercolor on paper

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Chor der alten Klosterkirche in ...
1838 | Watercolor on paper

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Undated | watercolour and gouache on paper

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0 | watercolour and gouache on paper

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Das Innere einer Scheune
1880 | PENCIL DRAWING

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Das Innere einer Scheune
1880 | PENCIL DRAWING

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1891 | Pencil on paper

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1891 | Pencil on paper

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Kopf eines Mannes mit Vollbart
1894 | drawing

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Kopf eines Mannes mit Vollbart
1894 | drawing

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Bildnis eines Herrn mit Whiskers
1905 | drawing

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Bildnis eines Herrn mit Whiskers
1905 | drawing

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Die Zeitungsleserin
Undated | drawing

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Die Zeitungsleserin
undatiert | drawing

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Modellstudien nach einem auf dem...
1884 | drawing

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Modellstudien nach einem auf dem...
1884 | drawing

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Drei gefallene Soldaten in einer...
2014 | Unknown

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Drei gefallene Soldaten in einer...
2014 | Unknown

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Théâtre du Gymnase in Paris
1856 | painting

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Théâtre du Gymnase in Paris
1856 | painting

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