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Surrealism

Surrealism

1 Discovered artists
In surrealistic images the depicted is always clearly recognizable, but it lacks all reason and appears completely absurd or unreal as in a dream. Around 1920 the surrealism emerged in Paris and developed in Europe as an artistic current until the 1930s.

Social and scientific developments influenced artists in the 1920s: the horrors of the First World War had left them behind, the pictures learned to run, and the silent films had their wedding. Quite decisive for the idea of ??surrealism were Freud's psychoanalytic researches on the unconscious. The term "Surrealism" is a composition of "Sur" and "Realisme" and means "above reality".

In the works, the aim is to present something that can not be seen, a superordinate reality. In 1924 the French poet and writer André Breton described the theoretical foundations in his "Surrealist Manifesto". He thus conjured up the techniques of spontaneous painting and writing, automatic and simple. Without regard for logic and reason, the artistic "I" and the oppressed impulses should be freed in this way.

The direction influenced painting, film, photography and literature. Renowned artists are Salvador Dalí, René Magritte, Max Ernst, Joan Miró and Man Ray in photography. Also with Pablo Picasso and Paul Klee surrealistic elements are recognizable.

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