Gothic art

Gothic art

24 Discovered artists
Gothic art refers to the art of the Middle Ages from the middle of the 12th century to around 1500. The name derives from the Italian "gotico" for barbaric, strange, Gothic style follows the Romanesque style, in which there were already Gothic elements such as the typical pointed arch. The Gothic is replaced by the Renaissance.

Gothic art can be found especially in the church building of this time. It began in France, and around 1140, in the vicinity of Paris, the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris was built. There was a spiritual, theological, political, economic and technical departure. The economy developed positively, the population moved into the cities, new churches were needed and the financing was also possible. The magnificent cathedrals in Chartres, Amiens and Reims are today UNESCO World Heritage sites and a magnet for millions of visitors. The largest Gothic cathedral is Santa Maria de la Sede in Seville. Religion was important, you wanted more light in the churches and so larger and more colorful windows were created. The builders of these gothic churches were originally stonemasons and became architects of the Middle Ages. They bore the title Dombaumeister, for example Master Gerhard, one of the builders of the Cologne Cathedral or Anton Pilgram of the Vienna Stephansdom. The cathedrals were decorated with stiff-looking figures in expressive costumes.

The painting showed frescoes with religious motifs, a lot of glass painting by the large gothic windows, panel painting on wall paneling and winged altars, known for this is Tilman Riemenschneider. Liturgical books were illustrated and decorated with book paintings.

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