Biedermeier

8 Discovered artists
The Biedermeier is an epoch in European art. On the one hand it can be clearly delineated, since it took its beginning with the end of the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and came to an end with the bourgeois revolution in 1848. On the other hand, the art that characterizes the Biedermeier can not be clearly defined because many of its properties have been defined only afterwards. The concept of the Biedermeier is derived from the literary figure of Gottlieb Biedermaier, which was conceived by the writer Ludwig Eichrodt and the physician Adolf Kußmaul. The teacher Biedermeier appeared in several poems, written by Eichrodt and Kußmaul for the Munich weekly "Fliegende Blätter".

In painting the Biedermeier distinguished itself mainly by renouncing both religious and historical motifs. At this time landscape paintings, but also portraits, were preferred. A special genre, which developed in the Biedermeier, is the so-called Zimmerbilder, which show only living rooms.

One of the most important painters of the Biedermeier was Carl Spitzweg, who created over 1,500 paintings and drawings throughout his life. Eduart Gaertner, a native of Berlin, also belonged to the Kunstepoche, his passion being above all the representation of the architecture of his hometown.



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