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Pompeo Girolamo Batoni

  February 5, 1708        4th February 1787
   •   Portrait painting   •   Wikipedia: Pompeo Girolamo Batoni
105 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #6654
The Italian painter Pompeo Girolamo Batoni was born in 1708 in Lucca, the son of a goldsmith. After completing his education in his father's workshop, he finally came to Rome in 1727. There he was a student of the painters Sebastiano Conca, a late Baroque artist, and Agostino Masucci, a portrait painter.
Batoni's works were initially based on antiquity and the Italian painter Raphael. His paintings were influenced by religious and mythological themes, such as his famous picture of Mary Magdalene ("Penitents Magdalena"). Later he began to portray English tourists in front of ancient architecture. Thus Batoni is considered the inventor of the tourist portrait and one of the leading portrait painters of the 18th century. It is even said to have sometimes given complaints, because Batoni required a lot of money for his portraits. What made his works particularly famous was the successful resemblance to the living role models. Last but not least, his apprenticeship as a goldsmith probably contributed to the fact that he worked his portraits down to the smallest detail.

Among his friends was the German archaeologist, librarian and antiquarian Johann Joachim Winckelmann, who is also known as the spiritual founder of classicism. Batoni is also considered a pioneer of Neoclassicism in Italy, which replaced Baroque during Batoni's creative period.

By the Roman-German Emperor Joseph II Batoni was raised to the peerage. Highly valued in his day, his skill was put on par with that of Anton Raphael Mengs, who was also known as "second Raphael". With his portraits of foreign Rombesuchern he was successful for almost four decades, until he finally died in 1787, also in Rome. © Meisterdrucke


 
Undated | colour lithograph

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Studies for the Ecstacy of St. C...
Undated | red and black chalk on paper

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Studies for the Ecstacy of St. C...
0 | red and black chalk on paper

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Etienne-René, Cardinal Potier de...
1758 | Oil on canvas

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Etienne-René, Cardinal Potier de...
1758 | Oil on canvas

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John Rolle Walter, 1753
1753 | Oil on canvas

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John Rolle Walter, 1753
1753 | Oil on canvas

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