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Otto Mueller

Otto Mueller

   Expressionism
52 artworks found


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Otto Mueller

Otto Mueller

   •   Expressionism   •   Wikipedia: Otto Mueller
52 artworks found

Otto Mueller was one of the most important German-speaking painters of Expressionism. His gypsy portfolio with nine colour lithographs, which he made only a few years before his death, is today considered the high point of his artistic work. The portfolio was created during a trip to Sarajevo, during which he was taken in by gypsies to live with them for some time. Otto was born in 1874. His rebellious character traits became apparent at an early age. Therefore he left the grammar school without graduation. Before his studies, he first began training as a lithographer, but soon afterwards he changed to the Dresden Academy of Art. It did not take long before the obstinate painter fell out with one of his professors. He repeatedly disregarded instructions. After two years in Dresden, Otto Mueller moved to Munich and continued his studies at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. But here, too, he is quickly dismissed. He works as a freelance nude painter and marries one of his models, Maria Mayerhofer. Together the young couple moves from Munich to Berlin.

Here he discovers the graceful sculptures of Wilhelm Lehmbruck at an exhibition. He makes friends with the famous sculptor. Wilhelm's works inspire Otto very much and he discovers his preference for glue colours and slender female figures, which from now on should adorn many of his paintings. He is also interested in the artists' group "Berliner Secession". However, his efforts to join them fail - he is rejected by the leaders of the movement. Together with some other rejected painters, he therefore founded the artists' movement "Neue Secession". The members organize their first exhibition under the title: "Rejected of the Berlin Secession". After the exhibition he joins the Berlin artists' community "Die Brücke". The members share a similar style and a preference for subdued colouring. But his artistic life was soon to take a drastic turn.

In 1915 the painter was called up for military service. A year earlier, Austria-Hungary had declared war on Serbia. Otto is transferred to the front, first to France and then to Russia. One year before the end of the First World War, Otto falls ill with pneumonia, which he barely survives. After the end of the war, he works for the first time as a professor at the State Academy of Arts and Crafts in Breslau. Here he joins the members of the "Breslauer Künstlerbohème", which rejected any kind of bourgeois adaptation. His wife, who had clothed him after Breslau, divorced him in 1921 and returned to Berlin. Two more marriages followed, but they were soon divorced again. In 1930 Otto Mueller falls ill with tuberculosis and dies after a few weeks in a specialist lung clinic in Breslau. His works are exhibited in many museums even after his death. When the National Socialists came to power, they confiscated 357 of his paintings - from then on his works were considered "degenerate art". After the war, his paintings are exhibited again for the first time at the Kassel documenta. © Meisterdrucke




Otto Mueller
Young Gypsy Girl, c.1926 (chalk,...
Undated | chalk, pen and watercolour on paper

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Young Gypsy Girl, c.1926 (chalk,...
0 | chalk, pen and watercolour on paper

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated |

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Otto Mueller
Badende unter Bäumen. Um 1912
Undated | distemper

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Badende unter Bäumen. Um 1912
0 | distemper

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Otto Mueller
Trees before a Bridge (pastel & ...
Undated | pastel and gouache on paper

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Trees before a Bridge (pastel & ...
0 | pastel and gouache on paper

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated | pastel on canvas

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Otto Mueller
 
1920 | oil on burlap

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Otto Mueller
Drei Akte in Landschaft
1922 |

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Drei Akte in Landschaft
1922 |

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated | tempera on hessian

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Otto Mueller
Liegender weiblicher Akt am Wasser
Undated | Watercolour

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Otto Mueller
 
1910 | painting

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated |

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Otto Mueller
 
1917 | Oil on canvas

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated |

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated | pencil and watercolour on paper

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0 | pencil and watercolour on paper

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Otto Mueller
 
1920 | Oil on canvas

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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Otto Mueller
 
19th century | oil painting

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Otto Mueller
Mädchen am Wasser (Zwei Mädchen ...
Undated | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Mädchen am Wasser (Zwei Mädchen ...
0 | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Otto Mueller
 
1927 | tempera on canvas

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Otto Mueller
 
Undated |

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Otto Mueller
Zigeuner und Sonnenblumen. 1927
Undated | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Zigeuner und Sonnenblumen. 1927
0 | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Otto Mueller
Drei Badende im Teich. Um 1912
Undated | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Drei Badende im Teich. Um 1912
0 | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Otto Mueller
Maschka mit Maske. 1919/21
Undated | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Maschka mit Maske. 1919/21
0 | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Otto Mueller
Bildnis Otto Mueller
1880 | drawing

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Bildnis Otto Mueller
1880 | drawing

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Otto Mueller
 
1922 | Oil on canvas

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Otto Mueller
Landschaft III
Undated |

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Otto Mueller
Waldsee mit zwei Akten. 1915
Undated | Öl auf Rupfen

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Otto Mueller
Zwei Akte mit Handspiegel II
1919 |

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Zwei Akte mit Handspiegel II
1919 |

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Otto Mueller
Zwei Mädchen im Schilf
1926 |

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Zwei Mädchen im Schilf
1926 |

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Otto Mueller
Ruhendes nacktes Mädchen
1912 |

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Ruhendes nacktes Mädchen
1912 |

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Otto Mueller
Liegendes nacktes Mädchen
1912 |

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Liegendes nacktes Mädchen
1912 |

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Otto Mueller
Drei Akte vor dem Spiegel
1912 |

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Otto Mueller
Drei Badende im Wasser
1913 |

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Otto Mueller
Sitzende und Badende mit Baum
1918 |

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Sitzende und Badende mit Baum
1918 |

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Otto Mueller
Junge Frau und Knabe
1925 |

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Junge Frau und Knabe
1925 |

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Otto Mueller
Tanzende (Maschka)
1903 |

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Tanzende (Maschka)
1903 |

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Otto Mueller
 
1922 |

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Otto Mueller
Dünenlandschaft
1915 |

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Dünenlandschaft
1915 |

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