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Otto Mueller Otto Mueller

Otto Mueller

   •   Expressionism   •   Wikipedia: Otto Mueller
42 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #17370
Otto Mueller was one of the most important German-speaking painters of Expressionism. His gypsy portfolio with nine colored lithographs, which he made only a few years before his death, is today regarded as the highlight of his artistic work. The portfolio was created during a Sarajevo trip, where he was picked up by gypsies to live with them for some time. Otto was born in 1874. At an early age, his rebellious traits became apparent. The high school he left therefore without a degree. Prior to his studies, he first began training as a lithographer, but soon moved to the Dresden Academy of Arts. It was not long before the stubborn painter fell out with one of his professors. He ignored instructions again and again. After two years in Dresden, Otto Mueller moves to Munich and continues his studies at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. But here he will be released quickly. He works as a freelance nude painter and marries one of his models, Maria Mayerhofer. Together, the young couple moves from Munich to Berlin.

Here he discovers the graceful sculptures of Wilhelm Lehmbruck at an exhibition. He befriends the famous sculptor. Wilhelm's works are very inspiring to Otto and he discovers his preference for glue colors and slender female figures, who from then on should adorn many of his paintings. He is also interested in the artist group "Berliner Secession". His follow-up efforts fail, however - he is dismissed by the chairmen of the movement. With a few other rejected painters he founded the artist movement "Neue Secession". The members organize their first exhibition under the title: "Rejected of the Secession Berlin". After the exhibition he joins the Berlin artist community "Die Brücke". Members share a similar style and preference for subdued color. But his artistic life was soon to take a drastic turn.

In 1915, the painter was drafted for military service. A year earlier, Austria-Hungary had declared war on Serbia. Otto is transferred to the front, first to France and then to Russia. One year before the end of the First World War, Otto contracted pneumonia, which he barely survived. After the war, he worked for the first time as a professor at the State Academy of Arts and Crafts in Wroclaw. Here he joins the members of the "Breslauer Künstlerbohème", which rejected any bourgeois adaptation. His wife, who had dressed him to Breslau, divorced in 1921 and returned to Berlin. Two more marriages follow, but they are quickly divorced. In 1930, Otto Mueller fell ill with tuberculosis and died after a few weeks in a pulmonary clinic in Breslau. His works are exhibited in many museums even after his death. When the National Socialists came to power, they confiscated 357 of his paintings - his works were from then on as "degenerate art". After the war, his paintings will be exhibited again for the first time as part of the Kassel documenta. © Meisterdrucke


Zwei badende MadchenTwo bathing...
Undated |

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Zwei badende MadchenTwo bathing...
0 |

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Young Gypsy Girl, c.1926 (chalk,...
Undated | chalk, pen and watercolour on paper

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Young Gypsy Girl, c.1926 (chalk,...
0 | chalk, pen and watercolour on paper

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Undated | Oil on canvas

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Drei Akte in Landschaft
1922 |

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Drei Akte in Landschaft
1922 |

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Undated | pencil and watercolour on paper

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0 | pencil and watercolour on paper

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Bildnis Otto Mueller
1880 | drawing

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Bildnis Otto Mueller
1880 | drawing

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Trees before a Bridge (pastel & ...
Undated | pastel and gouache on paper

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Trees before a Bridge (pastel & ...
0 | pastel and gouache on paper

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Waldsee mit zwei Akten. 1915
Undated | Öl auf Rupfen

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Drei Badende im Teich. Um 1912
Undated | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Drei Badende im Teich. Um 1912
0 | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Badende unter Bäumen. Um 1912
Undated | distemper

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Badende unter Bäumen. Um 1912
0 | distemper

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Zigeuner und Sonnenblumen. 1927
Undated | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Zigeuner und Sonnenblumen. 1927
0 | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Maschka mit Maske. 1919/21
Undated | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Maschka mit Maske. 1919/21
0 | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Mädchen am Wasser (Zwei Mädchen ...
Undated | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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Mädchen am Wasser (Zwei Mädchen ...
0 | Leimfarbe/Rupfen

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