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John James Audubon

849 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #2940
American art   •   John James Audubon @ Wikipedia

John James Audubton was a scientist and artist and made it his life's task to explore and draw birds.

John observed and recorded various species of birds as a young boy. By profession he was a hunter, trader and animal preparer. However, his financial situation deteriorated so much that in 1819 he had to go to jail for bankruptcy. When he was released, he was determined to catalog all the bird species of North America. His wife mainly cares financially for the family. So he traveled through America and searched for a variety of bird species. To paint these he shot the animals with fine shot so that the body remains as undamaged as possible. He then fixed the dead bird with wires so that he could draw it as naturally as possible.

Of the 1,000 drawings he made, he wanted to publish a book, however, he initially found no publisher. When he traveled to England, he quickly became known there with his drawings and also found a printer. The book he called Birds of America and it was a complete success. Later he wrote four more books.

In memory of John James Audubton, a place in Pennsylvania was named after him, as well as an institute, a cable-stayed bridge and several parks, municipalities and administrative units. In 2010, an edition of the book Birds of America was sold for the equivalent of 8.72 million euros, making it the most expensive printed book of all time. © Meisterdrucke

Black-billed cuckoo, 1822 (wc un...
1822 | watercolour and graphite on paper

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Black-billed cuckoo, 1822 (wc un...
1822 | watercolour and graphite on paper

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Bald Eagle, 1828 (wc, pastel und...
1828 | watercolour, pastel and graphite on paper

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Bald Eagle, 1828 (wc, pastel und...
1828 | watercolour, pastel and graphite on paper

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Cervus Canadensis (American Elk,...
1845 | colour lithograph

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Cervus Canadensis (American Elk,...
1845 | colour lithograph

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Greater Flamingo, 1838 (wc, egg ...
1838 | watercolour, egg white and graphite on paper

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Greater Flamingo, 1838 (wc, egg ...
1838 | watercolour, egg white and graphite on paper

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Illustration from 'Birds of Amer...
1827 | hand-coloured engraving with aquatint

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Illustration from 'Birds of Amer...
1827 | hand-coloured engraving with aquatint

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Pinnated Grouse. Greater Prairie...
0 | aquatint and engraving with hand-colouring

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Pinnated Grouse. Greater Prairie...
0 | aquatint and engraving with hand-colouring

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Orchard Oriole, printed by Julie...
1861 | chromolithograph

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Orchard Oriole, printed by Julie...
1861 | chromolithograph

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Green Heron, printed by Julien B...
1861 | chromolithograph

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Green Heron, printed by Julien B...
1861 | chromolithograph

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1838 | Watercolor on paper

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1838 | Watercolor on paper

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