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Jacopo Pontormo

   •   Mannerism   •   Wikipedia: Jacopo Pontormo
97 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #2577
Jacopo Pontormo had no easy start in life, as he was already at the age of ten years a full orphan. However, this hard fate did not prevent him from becoming a recognized member of the Florentine art scene of the 16th century. After first having to stay with his grandmother, the orphan moved in 1508 from his hometown near Empoli to the cultural center of Italy in the 16th century: Florence. There he was able to learn from the best masters of his craft. Among other things, he was a pupil of Leonardo da Vinci , Piero di Cosimo and Andrea del Sarto .

Pontormo mainly created frescoes, portraits and altarpieces, as was customary at the time. Here sacral and spiritual motives are at the center of his creativity. Stylistically, he is to be classified according to Mannerism. This late-Renaissance style is the name of the program: it is based on the idea that an artist should not be constrained in his work by the specifications of a particular school, but should develop and emphasize his own style, his "maniera". Thus, this style is specifically based on the geometrically calculated compositions of the Renaissance. In the foreground is no longer the presentation of classical simplicity and harmonic forms after the ancient model. These were replaced by a deliberately complex, exuberant and idealizing style, which was often interspersed with enigmatic allegories that were only conclusive to dedicated art connoisseurs.

Pontormo was one of those who, in search of the manifestation of a very personal "maniera", liked to experiment with a subtle color effect. Characteristic of his style is the search for a refined elegance, which manifests itself in him in oversized limbs or elaborate turns in the representation of human bodies. He was able to even succeed, according to historical sources, to be praised in high tones by Michelangelo himself and to be commissioned by the famous Medici family. Thus, in addition to numerous mystical religious frescoes, such as the Entombment of Christ, the Archangel Gabriel or Joseph in Egypt, he also produced numerous portraits. Including Cosimo de Medici.

After its demise, the work Pontormos disappeared for some centuries in oblivion, not least because of devastating criticism of his biographer Giorgio Vasari and was only in the 20th century by the work of the art historian Frederick Mortimer Clapp revalued. © Meisterdrucke


Cosimo de Medici (Il Vecchio), 1...
1518 | oil on panel

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Cosimo de Medici (Il Vecchio), 1...
1518 | oil on panel

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Adoration of the Magi, known as ...
Undated | Oil on panel

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Pannello, Carro della Zecca
Undated | Cool

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Pannello, Carro della Zecca
0 | Cool

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Portrait of Maria Salviati with ...
Undated | oil on wood

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Portrait of the Musician Frances...
Undated | oil on wood

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The Visitation, Carro della Zecca
1514 | Cool

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The Visitation, Carro della Zecca
1514 | Cool

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Study of a male figure for the '...
1525 | charcoal on paper

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Study of a male figure for the '...
1525 | charcoal on paper

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Cosimo de' Medici I (1519-74) as...
Undated | oil on wood

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Study of a pair of legs and two ...
Undated | brown ink and red chalk on paper

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Study of a pair of legs and two ...
0 | brown ink and red chalk on paper

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Study for 'Christ in Glory' and ...
Undated | black chalk on paper

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Study for 'Christ in Glory' and ...
0 | black chalk on paper

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Undated | red chalk on paper

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Monsignor della Casa
1541 | Oil on panel

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Monsignor della Casa
1541 | Oil on panel

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Pontormo nach Michelangelo, Noli...
1531 | painting

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Pontormo nach Michelangelo, Noli...
1531 | painting

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