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Eric Gill

Eric Gill

   •   Art of the 20th century   •   Wikipedia: Eric Gill
102 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #9353
Eric Gill was an English sculptor, font designer and graphic artist. One of his twelve siblings, brother MacDonald Gill, became famous as a graphic artist, architect and cartographer. The father was a pastor in a congregational church. Gill studied at a technical art school and then moved to London to practice with the well-known (church) architect William Douglas Caroe. In addition, he attended classes to learn the art of stonemason and calligraphy at a school where one of the fathers of modern calligraphy taught, Edward Johnston. Three years later he decided completely for the jobs of the calligrapher, stonemason and typewriter.

Gill got married and started making stone figures like "Madonna and Child" (1910) and "Ecstasy" (1911). His figures are partly abstract, have ecclesiastical and medieval influences, but at the same time reminiscent of the sculptures of the Romans, Greeks and Indians, as well as the post-impressionism of artists such as van Gogh, Cézanne and Gauguin. The Indian temples inspired him to "Mother and Child" (1912), his first public success. Gill was also co-founder of the Guild of St. Joseph and St. Dominic, where the painter and poet David Jones was one of his students. After the war, Gill made numerous war memorials, such as the Trumpington War Memorial in Cambridge. He also produced a series of sculptures for the BBC Broadcasting House and worked in Jerusalem on a bas-relief for the main entrance, sculptures and fountains for today's Rockefeller Museum. He also made reliefs and sculptures for the Queen Mary University of London and the League of Nations building in Geneva until he was awarded the Royal Designer for Industry. Gill's complete architectural works include only the Roman Catholic Church of St. Peter the Apostle. As far as calligraphy is concerned, creating an alphabet for a sign painter was part of Gill's first work. 1925 was the font Perpetua, two years later, the lettering to Gill Sans and shortly after the font Joanna. These were followed by many more, as well as variations of the existing - the best known is probably Gill Sans, which was also used in Penguin Books Verlag and the British Railways.

In his art, but also in essays written by him, one often finds the combinations of art, religion and eroticism. In spite of his strict belief, Gill is said to have had extramarital relations, and biographies refer to incest and zoophilia. He died of lung cancer in 1940. His papers, manuscripts and collection of books today are in the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library in California, many of his devotional items and artworks at the Ditchling Museum of Art and Craft in East Sussex. © Meisterdrucke


 
1927 | Brush on paper

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1927 | Brush on paper

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1938 | wood engraving

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1938 | wood engraving

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1936 | pencil on paper

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1936 | pencil on paper

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Ibi Dabo Tibi, 1925
1925 | woodcut

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Ibi Dabo Tibi, 1925
1925 | woodcut

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Undated | pencil on paper (pasted on card)

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0 | pencil on paper (pasted on card)

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Memorial to the members of New C...
Undated | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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Memorial to the members of New C...
0 | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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1927 | pencil and sanguine on paper

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1927 | pencil and sanguine on paper

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Undated | lithograph

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1912 | watercolour on paper

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1912 | watercolour on paper

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Study For Headless Female Torso,...
1920 | pencil and black wash on paper

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Study For Headless Female Torso,...
1920 | pencil and black wash on paper

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Leda Loved, 1929
Undated | lithograph

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Leda Loved, 1929
0 | lithograph

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Memorial to the members of New C...
Undated | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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Memorial to the members of New C...
0 | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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Memorial to the members of New C...
Undated | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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Memorial to the members of New C...
0 | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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The Shipman"s Tale
Undated | Boxwood, covered with printer's ink

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The Shipman"s Tale
0 | Boxwood, covered with printer's ink

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Portrait of the artist"s sister ...
1909 | Pencil and colored linen

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Portrait of the artist"s sister ...
1909 | Pencil and colored linen

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Undated | watercolour on paper

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0 | watercolour on paper

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Safety First, from 'The Labour o...
1924 | wood engraving

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Safety First, from 'The Labour o...
1924 | wood engraving

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1913 | limestone with blue, black and brown colouring

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1913 | limestone with blue, black and brown colouring

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Mary Ethel Gill, 1940 (pencil un...
1940 | pencil and sanguine on paper

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Mary Ethel Gill, 1940 (pencil un...
1940 | pencil and sanguine on paper

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1921 | wood engraving

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1921 | wood engraving

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A Native Corroboree at Night (pe...
Undated | pencil, watercolour and gum arabic on paper

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A Native Corroboree at Night (pe...
0 | pencil, watercolour and gum arabic on paper

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Design for bas relief of the 'Ca...
Undated | watercolour and graphite on paper

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Design for bas relief of the 'Ca...
0 | watercolour and graphite on paper

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