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Eric Gill

   •   Art of the 20th century   •   Wikipedia: Eric Gill
102 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #9353
Eric Gill was an English sculptor, font designer and graphic artist. One of his twelve siblings, brother MacDonald Gill, became famous as a graphic artist, architect and cartographer. The father was a pastor in a congregational church. Gill studied at a technical art school and then moved to London to practice with the well-known (church) architect William Douglas Caroe. In addition, he attended classes to learn the art of stonemason and calligraphy at a school where one of the fathers of modern calligraphy taught, Edward Johnston. Three years later he decided completely for the jobs of the calligrapher, stonemason and typewriter.

Gill got married and started making stone figures like "Madonna and Child" (1910) and "Ecstasy" (1911). His figures are partly abstract, have ecclesiastical and medieval influences, but at the same time reminiscent of the sculptures of the Romans, Greeks and Indians, as well as the post-impressionism of artists such as van Gogh, Cézanne and Gauguin. The Indian temples inspired him to "Mother and Child" (1912), his first public success. Gill was also co-founder of the Guild of St. Joseph and St. Dominic, where the painter and poet David Jones was one of his students. After the war, Gill made numerous war memorials, such as the Trumpington War Memorial in Cambridge. He also produced a series of sculptures for the BBC Broadcasting House and worked in Jerusalem on a bas-relief for the main entrance, sculptures and fountains for today's Rockefeller Museum. He also made reliefs and sculptures for the Queen Mary University of London and the League of Nations building in Geneva until he was awarded the Royal Designer for Industry. Gill's complete architectural works include only the Roman Catholic Church of St. Peter the Apostle. As far as calligraphy is concerned, creating an alphabet for a sign painter was part of Gill's first work. 1925 was the font Perpetua, two years later, the lettering to Gill Sans and shortly after the font Joanna. These were followed by many more, as well as variations of the existing - the best known is probably Gill Sans, which was also used in Penguin Books Verlag and the British Railways.

In his art, but also in essays written by him, one often finds the combinations of art, religion and eroticism. In spite of his strict belief, Gill is said to have had extramarital relations, and biographies refer to incest and zoophilia. He died of lung cancer in 1940. His papers, manuscripts and collection of books today are in the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library in California, many of his devotional items and artworks at the Ditchling Museum of Art and Craft in East Sussex. © Meisterdrucke


Eric Gill
Memorial to the members of New C...
Undated | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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Memorial to the members of New C...
0 | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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Eric Gill
Memorial to the members of New C...
Undated | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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Memorial to the members of New C...
0 | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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Eric Gill
 
1926 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | woodcut engraving

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Eric Gill
Portrait of the artist"s sister ...
1909 | Pencil and colored linen

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Portrait of the artist"s sister ...
1909 | Pencil and colored linen

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Eric Gill
 
1938 | wood engraving

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1938 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1927 | Brush on paper

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1927 | Brush on paper

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Eric Gill
 
1921 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1931 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1936 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1927 | pencil and sanguine on paper

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1927 | pencil and sanguine on paper

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Eric Gill
 
1937 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | Lithograph

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Eric Gill
 
1926 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1928 | beer stone with added colour

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Eric Gill
 
1920 | beer stone with added colour

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | stone

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Eric Gill
 
1920 | woodcut engraving

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Eric Gill
'A Garden Enclosed is My Sister'...
1930 | woodcut

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Eric Gill
 
1922 | woodcut

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Eric Gill
 
1936 | pencil on paper

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1936 | pencil on paper

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Eric Gill
 
1934 | woodcut

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Eric Gill
 
1925 | woodcut

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Eric Gill
 
1927 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | lithograph

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | lithograph

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Eric Gill
Leda Loved, 1929
Undated | lithograph

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Leda Loved, 1929
0 | lithograph

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | lithograph

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | lithograph

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | lithograph

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Eric Gill
 
1923 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1921 | wood engraving

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1921 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
Safety First, from 'The Labour o...
1924 | wood engraving

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Safety First, from 'The Labour o...
1924 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | woodcut

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Eric Gill
 
Undated |

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Eric Gill
 
1930 | woodcut

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Eric Gill
Ibi Dabo Tibi, 1925
1925 | woodcut

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Ibi Dabo Tibi, 1925
1925 | woodcut

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Eric Gill
 
1926 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | woodblock

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | woodcut

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Eric Gill
 
1915 | woodcut

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Eric Gill
 
1920 | stone with added colour

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Eric Gill
 
1936 | sandstone

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Eric Gill
 
1932 | woodcut/woodcut

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Eric Gill
Mary Ethel Gill, 1940 (pencil un...
1940 | pencil and sanguine on paper

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Mary Ethel Gill, 1940 (pencil un...
1940 | pencil and sanguine on paper

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | watercolour on paper

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0 | watercolour on paper

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Eric Gill
 
1912 | watercolour on paper

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1912 | watercolour on paper

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Eric Gill
More?s Utopian Alphabet, 1929
Undated | lithograph

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More?s Utopian Alphabet, 1929
0 | lithograph

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | lithograph

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | lithograph

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | lithograph

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Eric Gill
Design for bas relief of the 'Ca...
Undated | watercolour and graphite on paper

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Design for bas relief of the 'Ca...
0 | watercolour and graphite on paper

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Eric Gill
Model of a design submitted for ...
1928 | boxwood

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Eric Gill
 
1915 | woodcut

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Eric Gill
Memorial to the members of New C...
Undated | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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Memorial to the members of New C...
0 | stone, pigment and gold leaf

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | stone

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Eric Gill
 
1931 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1927 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1922 | portland stone relief with added colour

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | pencil on paper (pasted on card)

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0 | pencil on paper (pasted on card)

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Eric Gill
 
1927 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1926 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1920 | woodcut

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | watercolour and gouache on paper

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Eric Gill
 
1927 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1919 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1927 | wood engraving print on paper

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Eric Gill
 
1931 | wood engraving

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Eric Gill
 
1913 | limestone with blue, black and brown colouring

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1913 | limestone with blue, black and brown colouring

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Eric Gill
 
Undated | wood

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Eric Gill
 
1912 | watercolour on paper

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Eric Gill
Study For Headless Female Torso,...
1920 | pencil and black wash on paper

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Study For Headless Female Torso,...
1920 | pencil and black wash on paper

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Eric Gill
A Native Corroboree at Night (pe...
Undated | pencil, watercolour and gum arabic on paper

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A Native Corroboree at Night (pe...
0 | pencil, watercolour and gum arabic on paper

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Eric Gill
The Shipman"s Tale
Undated | Boxwood, covered with printer's ink

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The Shipman"s Tale
0 | Boxwood, covered with printer's ink

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