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Eastman Johnson

Eastman Johnson

   •   American art   •   Wikipedia: Eastman Johnson
86 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #1330
Eastman Johnson is best known to the world as a co-founder of the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art. Often referred to as “the Met”, the house is the largest art museum in the USA and the third largest in the world behind the Louvre in Paris and the Chinese National Museum in Beijing.

Hardly anyone in Johnson's youth expected him to become an art patron. The son of an official and a housewife was born in 1824 on the US East Coast, in the State of Main. As a boy he showed talent in drawing, but only moderate artistic ambitions. That only changed when he was old enough to start a job. Instead of following in his father's footsteps and working for the government, Jonathan decided that his middle name, Eastman, would later become a nickname, preferring to study lithography, which he did in Boston. After that, like many 19th century artists, he led a volatile wandering life and made his way as a portrait artist. His career as a painter only began after an art association became aware of him and enabled him to study in Europe.

His first stop took him to Germany, where he studied at the Düsseldorf Art Academy with the history painter and graphic artist Heinrich Mücke. He also took private lessons from the German-American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. After his intermezzo in Germany, he traveled all over Europe. The most important stations included London and The Hague, where he lived for several years and was the predecessor of the old Dutch masters. It was only when his mother died that he was forced to return to the United States. The desire to travel was not without influence on Johnson's choice of motif, which never completely gave up portrait painting, but became increasingly enthusiastic about landscape painting. His style is described as sober, sometimes downright photographic. This becomes particularly clear in one of his most famous paintings, which shows a wigwam of the Ojibwa, which are among the Native Americans. With age, he developed a sketchy style that ultimately shaped his landscapes.

His probably best known painting "Negro Life at the South" was created in a phase in which he concentrated mainly on rural scenes. The work was introduced to the public shortly before the outbreak of the Civil War. In his last third of his life, Johnson was involved in numerous artist associations and increasingly focused on the promotion of painting, even if he did not stop creating art until his death in 1906. © Meisterdrucke


 
1863 | Oil on cardboard

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1863 | Oil on cardboard

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Three Dutch Figures, c.1852 (gra...
Undated | graphite, watercolour and white chalk on brown paper

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Three Dutch Figures, c.1852 (gra...
0 | graphite, watercolour and white chalk on brown paper

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Susan Ray"s Kitchen, Nantucket, ...
1875 | Oil on cardboard

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Susan Ray"s Kitchen, Nantucket, ...
1875 | Oil on cardboard

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1873 | Oil on cardboard

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1873 | Oil on cardboard

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Portrait of Genio C. Scott, 1859.
Undated |

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