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James Abbott McNeill Whistler

American art   •   Wikipedia: James Abbott McNeill Whistler
906 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #2604
James Abbott McNeill Whistler was an American artist who worked primarily in the United Kingdom. His Massachusetts birthplace is now a museum dedicated to him. His father was a talented driver and the family moved to Saint Petersburg in 1842 because of a good job offer. As a child, Whistler had to deal with violent episodes, seizures and periods of extreme tiredness - the drawing helped him to stay alert. He received private art lessons and attended the Russian Art Academy at the age of eleven. In 1844 he met the Scottish painter Sir William Allan, who called him a "rare genius". His brother-in-law, surgeon and painter Sir Francis Seymour Haden , spurred him on to a career in painting and gave him his first set of water colors. After the father's death, the family returned to the United States and Whistler applied to the United States Military Academy, where he became more known for his sarcastic comments and aversion to authorities. However, he learned mapping there, which helped him to get his first job: model draftsman for military and maritime purposes.

In 1855 he traveled to Paris and studied there briefly, but preferred to study independently and to copy works of art in the Louvre. There he also met the French painter Henri Henri Fantin-Latour , who in turn introduced him to Gustave Courbet , leader of the Realism movement, and his circle. Among them were Charles Baudelaire , whose theories strongly influenced Whistler, and Théophile Gautier, who inspired him to see music in art. Many of his works have names like "Arrangements", "Harmonies" and "Nocturnes". His most famous works include “Arrangement in Gray and Black No. 1, better known as "Whistler's Mother", exhibited at the Louvre Abu Dhabi. At that time the work was negatively received due to a lack of sentimentality. Whistler is generally considered to be averse to sentimentality and moral allusions in paintings, he is an advocate of the "art of art sake". The artist was also particularly interested in Asian art, he studied ceramics and this is how his characteristic signature was created, which is reminiscent of a butterfly.

After the death of his mother in 1881, he adopted his maiden name as a second name. He became a member, and later president, of the “Society of British Artists”, even Queen Victoria expressed her admiration for the artist's illustrations. He made other important friendships with Monet , Rodin and Toulouse-Lautrec . All in all, he counts as inspiration for several generations of artists in Europe and the USA and had a lively exchange with impressionists, realists and symbolists. © Meisterdrucke


James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1871 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1875 | oil on panel

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1876 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1865 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1872 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | etching on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1862 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1871 |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1873 | drypoint

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1869 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1858 | etching on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1875 | Oil on panel

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1858 | pencil on off-white wove paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1871 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1881 | watercolour on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1903 |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1890 |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1881 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Arrangement in Grey and Black No...
1871 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
San Biagio, Venice, 1879-80
1879 | etching and drypoint printed in dark brown ink on wove paper

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San Biagio, Venice, 1879-80
1879 | etching and drypoint printed in dark brown ink on wove paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1904 |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Old Battersea Reach
1863 | Oil on canvas

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Old Battersea Reach
1863 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
The Doorway, 1880 (etching & dry...
1880 | etching and drypoint on paper

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The Doorway, 1880 (etching & dry...
1880 | etching and drypoint on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Pour le pastel: Rose and Opal, c...
Undated | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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Pour le pastel: Rose and Opal, c...
0 | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
The Ermine Coat, 1870-73 (chalk ...
Undated | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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The Ermine Coat, 1870-73 (chalk ...
0 | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | drypoint/drypoint/drypoint

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1883 | Watercolor on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1864 | pastel

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1902 | painting

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1860 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1892 | lithograph

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1859 | drypoint on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1880 | chalk and pastel on grey paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1879 |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1870 | oil on wood panel

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | lithograph/lithograph/lithograph

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0 | lithograph/lithograph/lithograph

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | lithograph/lithograph/lithograph

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | etching/etching/etching

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
From Pickle-Herring Stairs, c.18...
Undated | etching and drypoint on paper

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From Pickle-Herring Stairs, c.18...
0 | etching and drypoint on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1883 | Watercolor on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1858 | pencil on off-white paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | Brush on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1888 | pastel

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1873 | drypoint on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1872 | painting

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1871 | Oil on panel

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1884 |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
The Turret Ship, from a set of t...
1887 | etching

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1880 | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1858 | pencil on beige wove paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Study for 'The Tall Flower', c.1...
Undated | watercolour on paper

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Study for 'The Tall Flower', c.1...
0 | watercolour on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1880 |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1875 |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Venus Astart, 188890 (chalk und ...
Undated | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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Venus Astart, 188890 (chalk und ...
0 | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
PD.67-1959 A Seated Girl in a La...
Undated | black and white chalk on brown paper

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PD.67-1959 A Seated Girl in a La...
0 | black and white chalk on brown paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | engraving

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1858 | etching on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1881 |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1879 | etching

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1898 |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1861 | drypoint

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1896 | lithograph on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1864 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1879 | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1860 | Ink on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1880 | Etching on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1863 | etching on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Nocturne: Palaces, 1879-80 (etch...
Undated | etching and drypoint on paper

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Nocturne: Palaces, 1879-80 (etch...
0 | etching and drypoint on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | etching

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Three Whistler Butterflies, c.18...
Undated | crayon and Chinese white on lithographic transfer paper

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Three Whistler Butterflies, c.18...
0 | crayon and Chinese white on lithographic transfer paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | etching on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Whistler's Butterfly, c.1890 (pe...
Undated | pencil on cardboard

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Whistler's Butterfly, c.1890 (pe...
0 | pencil on cardboard

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | crayon on lithographic transfer paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1858 | pencil on off-white wove paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Blue and Gold, 1871-72 (chalk un...
1871 | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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Blue and Gold, 1871-72 (chalk un...
1871 | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1858 | Etching on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1893 | lithograph on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1889 | etching

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | Oil on canvas

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1858 | pencil on off-white wove paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1873 | drypoint on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated |

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
A Woman with a Dog and Bird, c.1...
Undated | pen and ink on light brown paper

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A Woman with a Dog and Bird, c.1...
0 | pen and ink on light brown paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1877 | etching on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | engraving

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
1878 | lithotint

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | drypoint on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | lithograph on paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler
 
Undated | pencil on buff paper

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