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James Abbott McNeill Whistler

James Abbott McNeill Whistler

   •   American art   •   Wikipedia: James Abbott McNeill Whistler
481 Discovered works of art  •  ID: #2604
James Abbott McNeill Whistler was an American artist primarily based in the United Kingdom. His birthplace in Massachusetts is today a museum dedicated to him. His father was a talented driver and the family moved to Saint Petersburg in 1842 for a good job offer. Whistler suffered from sudden fits of ague, fits of illness, and periods of extreme fatigue as a child - drawing helped him to stay alert. He got private art lessons and attended the Russian Academy of Art at the age of eleven. In 1844 he met the Scottish painter Sir William Allan, who called him a "rare genius". His brother-in-law, surgeon and painter Sir Francis Seymour Haden , inspired him to a career in painting and gave him his first set of watercolors. After the father's death, the family returned to the US and Whistler applied to the United States Military Academy, where he became known more for his sarcastic comments and distaste for authority. However, he learned there cartography, which helped him to his first job: pattern illustrator for military and maritime purposes.

In 1855 he traveled to Paris and studied there briefly, but he preferred to study and copy works of art in the Louvre. There he met the French painter Henri Henri Fantin -Latour , who in turn introduced him to Gustave Courbet , leader of the realism movement, and its circle. Among them were Charles Baudelaire , whose theories strongly influenced Whistler, and Théophile Gautier, who inspired him to see music in art. Many of his works have names like "arrangements", "harmonies" and "nocturnes". His most famous works include "Arrangement in Gray and Black no. 1 ", better known as" Whistler's Mother ", exhibited at the Louvre Abu Dhabi. At that time the work was received negatively because of lack of sentimentality. Whistler is generally regarded as averse to sentimentality and moral allusions in paintings; he is an advocate of the "art of art's sake." The artist was also particularly interested in Asian art, he studied ceramics and this is how his characteristic signature, reminiscent of a butterfly, was created.

After the death of his mother in 1881, he took his maiden name as a second name. He became a member, and later President, the "Society of British Artists," even Queen Victoria expressed her admiration for the artist's illustrations. He made further important friendships with Monet , Rodin and Toulouse-Lautrec . All in all, he counts as the inspiration of several generations of artists in Europe and the USA and had a lively exchange with Impressionists, Realists and Symbolists. © Meisterdrucke


Old Battersea Reach
1863 | Oil on canvas

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Old Battersea Reach
1863 | Oil on canvas

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Nocturne: Palaces, 1879-80 (etch...
Undated | etching and drypoint on paper

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Nocturne: Palaces, 1879-80 (etch...
0 | etching and drypoint on paper

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Venus Astart, 188890 (chalk und ...
Undated | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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Venus Astart, 188890 (chalk und ...
0 | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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Pour le pastel: Rose and Opal, c...
Undated | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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Pour le pastel: Rose and Opal, c...
0 | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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Study for 'The Tall Flower', c.1...
Undated | watercolour on paper

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Study for 'The Tall Flower', c.1...
0 | watercolour on paper

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The Ermine Coat, 1870-73 (chalk ...
Undated | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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The Ermine Coat, 1870-73 (chalk ...
0 | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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The Shell, c.1891 (chalk und pas...
Undated | chalk and pastel on grey paper

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The Shell, c.1891 (chalk und pas...
0 | chalk and pastel on grey paper

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A Yellow Note, c.187174 (chalk u...
Undated | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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A Yellow Note, c.187174 (chalk u...
0 | chalk and pastel on brown paper

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Shipbuilder's Yard, 1875 (drypoi...
1875 | drypoint on paper

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Shipbuilder's Yard, 1875 (drypoi...
1875 | drypoint on paper

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La Princesse du pays de la porce...
1863 | Oil on canvas

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La Princesse du pays de la porce...
1863 | Oil on canvas

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The Doorway, 1880 (etching & dry...
1880 | etching and drypoint on paper

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The Doorway, 1880 (etching & dry...
1880 | etching and drypoint on paper

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Young Girl Standing, c.1873-75 (...
Undated | black and white chalk on brown paper

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Young Girl Standing, c.1873-75 (...
0 | black and white chalk on brown paper

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler (AT) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (DE) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (CH) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (US) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (IT) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (FR) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (NL) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (ES) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (RU) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (HI) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (ZH) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (PT)

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