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William Crimea Simpson

William Crimea Simpson

  October 28, 1823
  17th August 1899
   Unclassified artists
441 artworks found



The Gate of Huldah the Prophetess, Jerusalem, 1871 (wc und pencil on paper)
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Second Charge of the Guards when they retook the Two Gun Battery at the Battl...
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Pheel Khana, or Elephants Quarters, Holcars Camp, from 'India Ancient and Mod...
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One of the Wards of the Hospital at Scutari, from 'The Seat of War in the Eas...
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Prince Woronzoff's Palace, near Yalta on the South Coast of the Crimea
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Hospital at Scutari, detail of Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) on the ward, ...
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Head of the Harbour, Sebastopol, plate from 'The Seat of War in the East', pu...
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The Cavalry Affair of the Heights of Bulganak: the First Gun, plate from 'The...
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Rock-cut tunnel, Pools of Solomon, Near Bethlehem, 1872 (wc und pencil on paper)
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Graves of the Officers in the Fort on Cathcart Hill, 1854 (wc und bodycolour ...
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The graves in the fort on Cathcart's Hill, of the officers 4th Division who f...
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Disembarkation of the expedition to Kertch and the blowing up of St Paul's Ba...
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The Embarkation of the Sick at Balaklava, plate from 'The Seat of War in the ...
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Gallipoli, illustration from 'The Picturesque Mediterranean' by William Simpson
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The valley of Baidar, from rear Petroski's villa, looking east
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Charge of the Light Cavalry Brigade, October 25th 1854, detail of artillery, ...
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Built up doorway in East Wall of Haram, near Golden Gate, 1872 (wc und pencil...
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The new works at the siege of Sebastopol on the right attack, from the Mortar...
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Charge of the Light Cavalry Brigade, 25th October 1854, engraved by E. Walker...
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William Crimea Simpson

William Crimea Simpson

  October 28, 1823        17th August 1899
   •   Unclassified artists   •   Wikipedia: William Crimea Simpson
441 artworks found

Art can change history by confronting the public with reality. One example is the work of William Simpson. Together with the Times correspondent William Howard Russel and Thomas Chenery, William Simpson's lithographs from the Crimean War (1853- 56) contributed to a re-evaluation of the modern war in the European public. As allies of the decaying Ottoman Empire, the British Empire and France tried to stop Russia's continental expansion and became embroiled in one of the bloodiest colonial wars of the 19th century. Since the victory over Napoleon, British troops were no longer involved in such a war and considerable weaknesses were evident in the organisation of supplies and the provision of troops with the help of modern logistical instruments. During the first battles the British expeditionary corps won victories against the tsarist army, but proved unable to treat the wounded in the material battles adequately. Many soldiers died during the transport to the central military hospital, sometimes lasting weeks.

William Simpson accompanied and documented the failure and mismanagement of the British military leadership and caused a turn in public opinion with the comments of the Times journalists. But Simpson's career was anything but predetermined. Born in Glasgow, he did not start school until the age of 11. With discipline and a sense of mission, he continued to work through evening studies and became an apprentice in a lithography company. The rise of this art form was closely linked to the development of the mass media. Newspapers, magazines and journals demanded images to illustrate the written word. In 1854 Simpson was commissioned to make lithographs of the Crimean War according to reports. He convinced his clients that only local reporting would have a mass impact. When he arrived in Crimea, he was overwhelmed by the scenes and the suffering of the ordinary soldiers, who were victims of violence, but above all of the failure and incompetence of their own commanders. The face of the war and the violence had not changed, but what made the difference were the technical possibilities of telegraphy and the mass press, which allowed the public to have a new experience of the war. The images of wounded left alone, of emergency transports, dirt, illness and death, complemented the reports of people like Florence Nightingale, who became an icon of humanity in the Crimean War.

With the reputation he earned as an illustrator of the Crimean War, Simpson received commissions from magazines to report on similar events and to create a portfolio after his return. The next target was again a colonial conflict in the British Empire. In India, British colonial troops crushed the so-called Sepoy uprising with the most brutal force. In 1868 he was part of the Ethiopia expedition, a punitive mission against African tribal chiefs who had killed English missionaries. After further work as a war correspondent in the Franco-Prussian War of 1866 and the second Afghan War, Simpson retired from public life. © Meisterdrucke




William Crimea Simpson
The Gate of Huldah the Prophetes...
1871 | watercolour and pencil on paper

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The Gate of Huldah the Prophetes...
1871 | watercolour and pencil on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | engraving

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William Crimea Simpson
The Great Wall of China, 1874 (w...
1874 | watercolour and pencil on paper

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The Great Wall of China, 1874 (w...
1874 | watercolour and pencil on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
1864 | watercolour over graphite with bodycolour on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
Second Charge of the Guards when...
1855 | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
1886 | engraving

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William Crimea Simpson
 
1882 | watercolour on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
Pheel Khana, or Elephants Quarte...
1867 | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
One of the Wards of the Hospital...
1856 | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | Watercolor on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
1857 | watercolour on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
Prince Woronzoff's Palace, near ...
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
1863 | Watercolor on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated |

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated |

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | engraving

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William Crimea Simpson
Jain Priests, from 'India Ancien...
1867 | colour lithograph

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Jain Priests, from 'India Ancien...
1867 | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
Hospital at Scutari, detail of F...
1856 | hand coloured lithograph

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Hospital at Scutari, detail of F...
1856 | hand coloured lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
Head of the Harbour, Sebastopol,...
1856 | hand coloured lithograph

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Head of the Harbour, Sebastopol,...
1856 | hand coloured lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
The Cavalry Affair of the Height...
1856 | hand coloured lithograph

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The Cavalry Affair of the Height...
1856 | hand coloured lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
Rock-cut tunnel, Pools of Solomo...
1872 | watercolour and pencil on paper

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Rock-cut tunnel, Pools of Solomo...
1872 | watercolour and pencil on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
1854 | watercolour on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | engraving

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
Graves of the Officers in the Fo...
1854 | watercolour and bodycolour over graphite on paper

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Graves of the Officers in the Fo...
1854 | watercolour and bodycolour over graphite on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
The graves in the fort on Cathca...
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
1866 | watercolour on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
1863 | Watercolor on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
Disembarkation of the expedition...
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | Watercolor on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
The Embarkation of the Sick at B...
1856 | hand coloured lithograph

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The Embarkation of the Sick at B...
1856 | hand coloured lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
Lord Raglan's Head Quarters at K...
Undated | colour lithograph

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Lord Raglan's Head Quarters at K...
0 | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | engraving

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
1870 | Watercolor on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
Gallipoli, illustration from 'Th...
Undated | lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
The valley of Baidar, from rear ...
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
Charge of the Light Cavalry Brig...
1856 | hand coloured lithograph

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Charge of the Light Cavalry Brig...
1856 | hand coloured lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
Built up doorway in East Wall of...
1872 | watercolour and pencil on paper

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Built up doorway in East Wall of...
1872 | watercolour and pencil on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
1884 | Watercolor on paper

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William Crimea Simpson
The new works at the siege of Se...
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
The Village Welll, from 'India A...
1867 | colour lithograph

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The Village Welll, from 'India A...
1867 | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
Charge of the Light Cavalry Brig...
1855 | lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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William Crimea Simpson
 
Undated | colour lithograph

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