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geometry

101 Discovered works of art
Beginning with the "golden section" and the development of the perspective representation of space in antiquity and the Renaissance, artists have taken geometrical regularities into account in order to place proportions in equal proportions. Geometry also gave them the opportunity to give their works a new dimension of spatial depth.

As modern art turned away from the task of imitating mimetic objects of the outer world, and rather making its task of depicting its essence in sensory experience, geometry retained its importance.

At the beginning of the 20th century cubism dissolved the conventions of form and space. The creative means of structuring the two dimensions of the canvas have been deliberately reduced to simplistic geometric shapes such as nested levels, grid structures, or lines of varying thickness.

Piet Mondrian (1872-1944) developed from 1915 with his "compositions" its own abstract geometric language. Black lines divide his work into areas that are weighted differently only by using the primary colors yellow, red and blue. Theo van Doesburg (1883-1931) and the members of the de Stijl group believed that geometry was a kind of universal language underlying every experience and every object. All sensory experiences could thus find their equivalent in purely geometric forms.

The Russian avant-gardist Kasimir Malevich (1878-1935) reduced his works such as "Black Square" or "Black Cross" to elementary geometric forms in order to show the absolute of a "fourth dimension".

British artist Peter McClure expresses his fascination for geometry as the organizing force of the universe in works such as "Overlay" (1982) and "Linkage" (2008). Contemporary, digitized art based on geometric principles is created by Russian artist Alex Caminker.

Illustration to 'The Story of Tw...
Undated | printed book

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Illustration to 'The Story of Tw...
0 | printed book

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Design for the Speaker's Rostrum...
1919 | watercolour and pencil on paper

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Design for the Speaker's Rostrum...
1919 | watercolour and pencil on paper

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