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Comics and cartoons

141 Discovered works of art
The word caricature has its roots in Italian, where "caricare" means "exaggerating". Exaggerated and distorted, cartoonists portray people and society. Not only politicians and public figures are the target of their attention, their ridicule and venomous humor. Caricatures were also used in the late eighteenth century to tackle philosophical questions about the nature of man. For example, artists began to show hermaphrodites, who, according to the motto "Man is what he eats," seemingly turned into animals, vegetables, and fruits.

At a time when the majority of people still could not read, it was the job of cartoonists in illustrations of newspapers and magazines to deliver pointed messages that anyone could understand - even those who could not interpret letters, but only pictures.

From the individual caricatures later developed image sequences that told short stories in caricaturing, satirical form. This was the birth of the cartoon and the comic. The first cartoons were published in daily newspapers. As a rule, caricatures and also cartoons were charcoal, pencil or pen drawings, which were only partially colored afterwards. Today, the possibilities of the cartoon and the comics on color printing and digital graphics programs have greatly expanded.

One of the best-known caricaturists is Honoré Daumier (1808-1879), who is also known as the "father of modern caricature". As a socialist, he mocked in his graphics mostly French politicians of the reactionary camp. Even the painter Lyonel Feininger (1871-1956) worked long before his career as a painter as an illustrator and caricaturist. Henri de Toulouse Lautrec (1864-1901) or George Grosz (1893-1959) employed the means of caricature in their painterly works.

'What He Was. What He Is', caric...
Undated | coloured engraving

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'What He Was. What He Is', caric...
0 | coloured engraving

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Le Ventre Législatif (The Legisl...
1834 | Lithography

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Le Ventre Législatif (The Legisl...
1834 | Lithography

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Illustration for Le Rire
Undated | colour lithograph

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Illustration for Le Rire
0 | colour lithograph

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The collectivist paradise. Illus...
Undated | colour lithograph

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The collectivist paradise. Illus...
0 | colour lithograph

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'The washerwoman knows the defec...
1932 | colour lithograph

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'The washerwoman knows the defec...
1932 | colour lithograph

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Paul Doumer, French politician, ...
Undated | colour lithograph

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Paul Doumer, French politician, ...
0 | colour lithograph

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Actors appearing in Le Passe at ...
Undated | colour lithograph

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Actors appearing in Le Passe at ...
0 | colour lithograph

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Illustration for Le Rire
Undated | colour lithograph

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Illustration for Le Rire
0 | colour lithograph

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Illustration for Le Rire
Undated | colour lithograph

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Illustration for Le Rire
0 | colour lithograph

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Richard Coeur-De-Lion and Saladi...
Undated | aquatint

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Richard Coeur-De-Lion and Saladi...
0 | aquatint

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After the vote. Illustration for...
Undated | colour lithograph

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After the vote. Illustration for...
0 | colour lithograph

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Illustration for Le Rire
Undated | colour lithograph

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Illustration for Le Rire
0 | colour lithograph

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Les Bons Bourgeois- Un Chateau e...
Undated | woodcut

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Les Bons Bourgeois- Un Chateau e...
undatiert | woodcut

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Tz'U-Hsi (1835-1908) Empress Dow...
19th century | coloured engraving

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Tz'U-Hsi (1835-1908) Empress Dow...
1900 | coloured engraving

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Meisterdrucke Logo long
Hausergasse 21 · 9500 Villach, Austria
+43 4242 25574 · office@meisterdrucke.com

PCI Compilant FSC Zertifizierte Keilrahmen Datenschutzkodex
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(c) 2019 meisterdrucke.uk